Body Works: Human Emotions Quiz

Staff

What is jealousy?

Jealousy is the fear of losing something, such as a lover, promotion or friend, to someone else. A popular misconception about jealousy is that it is the same as envy, which refers to wanting something that someone else has.

Where did the phrase "green with envy" come from?

The phrase "green with envy" is thought by some to date back to the ancient Greeks; jealousy was believed to result in the overproduction of bile, rendering skin a light shade of green.

What part of the brain activates the "fight or flight" response that occurs when a person is frightened?

The hypothalamus activates the "fight or flight" response.

Fear extinction involves creating a conditioned response that counters the conditioned fear response. What happens in the brain during fear extinction therapy?

Scientists theorize that fear-extinction memories form in the amygdala but then are transferred to the medial prefrontal cortex for storage. The new memory created by fear extinction resides in the medial prefrontal cortex and attempts to override the fear memory triggered in the amygdala.

How many young people in the United States suffer from depression?

At least one in eight adolescents and one in 33 children experience major depression, according to Mental Health America.

How do the brains of people with depression differ from the brains of people who don't have depression?

Research with magnetic resonance imaging reveals that the brains of people with depression have abnormal levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, the messengers between the brain and the body.

Which brain chemical is NOT responsible for the initial giddiness that comes with new love?

Acetylcholine is a chemical that tempers adrenaline. Dopamine is thought to be the "pleasure chemical," producing a feeling of bliss, while norepinephrine is similar to adrenaline and produces the racing heart and excitement that comes during the first states of love.

What percentage of mammals, aside from human beings, form family relationships based on love?

Only 3 percent of mammals aside from the human species form family relationships.

What emotion is believed to be the common denominator in most acts of hatred?

The common denominator in most acts of hatred is fear, usually fear of different types of people or ideas.

Which of these is the most appropriate way to deal with anger?

In studies, respondents have identified talking things over with the offender as the most appropriate way to deal with anger. This form of anger control is more appropriate than holding your anger in or expressing anger outwardly in ways that include physical assault on people or objects.

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About This Quiz

How are you feeling today? Are you jumping for joy, or did you wake up on the wrong side of the bed? How much do you know about why it is you feel the way you do?

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