One of America's great auto manufacturers, practically everybody who loves cars throughout the world has heard of Ford. Started by Henry Ford in 1903, the company quickly grew, thanks to Ford's Model T, one of the most influential cars of the 20th century, and still today the company thrives. In fact, in 2017, Ford sold around 6.6 million units worldwide.
Ford has produced some iconic motor cars over the years other than the Model T. Think of their F-Series pickup trucks ... going strong since the 1940s. And what about the GT40, a car that broke Ferrari's domination of the endurance races at Le Mans? And there are so many more.
But just as iconic as the Ford motor cars over the last century, so too are Ford engines. From humble beginnings in his kitchen, where Henry Ford built his first engine, to the modern engines today which are not only green but also economical, Ford engines are highly regarded around the world.
But just how much do you know about them? Do you know the powerplant that powered "Tin Lizzy," the Model T? Or what about the high-performance engine found the Ford F-150 Harley Davidson super truck? These and more are covered in the Ford Engine Quiz.
Let's see how well you do!
The Flathead V8 was a revelation by Ford in 1932. Quite simply put, at the time, there was nothing similar to it out there. Most importantly, it was cheap, which made it more accessible to people struggling through the Great Depression.
The first incarnation of the Ford Model A was released in 1903. And technically, although it was designed by Henry Ford, the engine was in fact from Fiat. It was a 1668 cc two-cylinder gasoline engine which gave the Model A a top speed of 30 mph.
Henry Ford's Quadricycle wasn't anything special. It did get him into car design, however. Running on four bicycle wheels, the Quadricycle had a ethanol-powered, two-cylinder engine which produced 4 horsepower and managed a top speed of 20 mph.
The Model N was produced between 1906 and 1908. It was powered by a 2,440 cc inline-4 engine, the first four-cylinder engine produced by Ford.
The first Model T's were powered by a 2.9-liter inline four-cylinder which produced 20 brake horsepower. This gave "Tin Lizzy" a top speed of around 45 mph.
Early Model T engines were capable of running on kerosene, ethanol pr gasoline. Ethanol became too expensive so when the price of gasoline eventually dropped, it quickly became the favorite form of fuel.
The Model T's 2.9-liter straight-four engine, which at first produced around 20 bhp, was initially water-cooled. Well, the first 2,447 were. Ford then changed to cooling thermosiphon action where natural convection circulated water without the need of a pump.
The Model T engine was hand-cranked to begin with, much a like all early engines. The option of the electric starter arrived in 1919.
The Model T engine delivered its power to the rear wheels of the car using a planetary gear-based two-speed gearbox. Interestingly, Ford called it three-speed but that doesn't really count, as one gear was reverse!
In the early days of motoring, there were many configurations for brake, clutch and throttle control. To use the throttle on a Model T, the driver would adjust a lever near the steering wheel.
Model T's could be customized quite a lot, depending on what the new owner wanted. For instance, a model called the "Snowflier" added skis to the front of the car in place of wheels to allow for driving in winter. And yes, there was a "Speedster" model as well which pushed out 35 bhp over the 20 bhp of the normal engine.
It took Ford sometime to release their first V8 engine - Chevrolet had done so around 15 years earlier - but when they did in 1932, it was a massive success. It differed from other V8's as it was cast from a single piece of metal which Ford called "en block".
Although it had some problems - it loved to burn oil at a high rate - the Flathead V8 became very popular. And yes, it produced some great performance numbers at the time but more importantly, it was relatively cheap when put up against the V8's of other manufacturers.
During the Second World War, Ford turned their attention to the war effort. They produced over 86 000 B-24 Liberator bombers as well as 57,000 engines under license.
No. Although the company was briefly involved in aviation, the Tri-Motor did not have Ford engines. Early versions were powered by air-cooled radial Curtiss-Wright engines and later models by more powerful Pratt and Whitney engines
The entry level models of the 1965 Ford Mustang didn't have V-power. They did have a punchy 2.8-liter straight six engine, however. It produced around 100 bhp.
The 4.7-liter Windsor HiPo V8 was first introduced by Ford in 1963 and was used on their Fairlaine model. It became the most powerful engine put in the first generation of the Mustang and produced around 270 bhp.
The second generation of the Ford GT is a thing of beauty. And it is powered by a great engine as well. The 3.5-liter twin-turbocharged Ford EcoBoost V6 engine produces 647 bhp!
The 428 Cobra Jet from Ford is a legendary engine from the American automaker. It was seen in a number of models including the 1968 Ford Mustang. It became known as the "CJ".
The SVT Lightning was introduced in 1993 and essentially is an F-150 truck with a little extra under the hood. The Lightning was powered by a 5.8 liter V8 which produced 240 bhp while handling was improved thanks to an upgraded suspension system. More powerful models followed at the end of the '90s.
Ford's first internal combustion was put together in the sink of his home! It later became the powerplant to his first ever vehicle, the Quadricycle, which he built in 1896.
Introduced in 1982, this engine was so named as it was produced in Canada at Ford’s Essex Engine Plant in Ontario. It started as a 3.8-liter displacement engine, but a 4.2-liter eventually followed for use in F-Series pickups.
The Scorpion V8 is a turbo diesel engine found in Ford F-Series pickups. It is a 6.7-liter 32 valve engine. It was first introduced in 2011.
Reliable and strong, the 300 Inline 6 cylinder was a popular engine for Ford when it was first introduced in 1965. So versatile was this engine that it could be found in a range of models as well as agricultural equipment, trucks and tractors.
The Harley Davidson option of the Ford F-150 was available between 2000 and 2011. It was powered by a 5.8 liter V8 which produced around 360 bhp.
Yes they are. And they will be until 2020, at which point Jaguar will replace the Ford engines with power plants of their own making
Ford picked an incredible car to put the 302 Ford V8 into - the Shelby GT350! It provided not only power but reliability. A even more high-performance version went into 1969's Boss Mustang.
The Consul 4 engine was produced by Ford in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and 1960s. The 1951 engine, the first produced, had a 1.5-liter displacement and produced around 47 brake horsepower.
Developed by teams in the United Kingdom and Germany, the EcoBlue was introduced in 2016 to replace the Duratorq. Two options are available, a 1.5-liter or a 2.0-liter. The top-of-the-range 2.0-liter engine, found in the Ford Ranger Raptor, produces 238 brake horsepower.
First introduced in 2012, the 1.0-liter EcoBoost engine is a 3-cylinder engine. It can produce an impressive 123 brake horsepower.
Bernard H. Pietenpol was an aircraft designer who loved using Ford engines to power his planes. His first design, the Air Camper, used the Model A engine. But Pietenpol wanted something lighter, so in his next design, he went with a Model T engine.
The 2300 HSC engine was produced between 1984 and 1994. It was found in a few Ford and Mercury models, including the Ford Tempo and Taurus.
The EcoBoost engines from Ford are available in a range of configurations and sizes and feature across their models. Ford claims they offer 30% fuel saving while producing 15% less harmful gases.
A 60-degree V4 engine, the Taunus was first used by Ford in Germany in 1962. It was available as a 1.2, 1.3, 1.5 and 1.7-liter engines.
A simple, cheap and reliable engine, the 2.9-liter inline four that powered the Model T was never going to win in the speed stakes. That said, after the Model T was discontinued in 1927 for the Model A, the engine carried on in production until 1941. It was used in many ways including in boats, industry and by the military.