The Ultimate GERD Quiz


By: Staff

4 Min Quiz

Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

Heartburn and acid reflux can become so frequent that they even occur in the middle of the night, waking you from a peaceful sleep. Heartburn and acid reflux can also become so severe that you feel like you are having a heart attack. If you have frequent and severe heartburn and acid reflux you may actually have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Take this quiz and learn the basics about this common and debilitating health concern.

What is the cause of gastroesophageal reflux disease?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is the result of a dysfunction lower esophageal sphincter. In GERD patients, this muscle is too relaxed and allows stomach acid into the esophagus.


What is the lower esophageal sphincter?

The lower esophageal sphincter is a muscle that separates the acidic environment of the stomach from the sensitive esophagus.


What can lead to a dysfunctional sphincter and GERD?

Poorly digested food can build up in the stomach, leading to an increase in stomach pressure. This increased pressure can lead to a dysfunctional sphincter and GERD.


What can lead to poor digestion?

Poor digestion can be due to food intolerance, lack of good bacteria in the digestive tract, or overall poor health. Thankfully, these digestive problems are reversible.


Hiatal hernia is:

Hiatal hernia, which is when the upper part of the stomach is above the diaphragm, can increase stomach pressure leading to a dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter. Hiatal hernia, therefore, is a risk factor for developing GERD.


Which of the following is a risk factor for developing GERD?

There are several risk factors for developing GERD, including pregnancy, being overweight, smoking and alcohol use.


How many Americans experience heartburn at least once per month?

Occasional heartburn may be more common than you think. Approximately 60 million Americans experience heartburn at least once per month.


What percentage of Americans are believed to have GERD?

About one in three Americans have frequent enough acid reflux and heartburn to meet the criteria of a GERD diagnosis. In fact, approximately 15 million Americans suffer from daily heartburn .


At what age does your risk of developing GERD drastically increase?

Your risk of developing GERD increases with age. Moreover, your risk of developing GERD dramatically increases around 40 years of age.


Moderate GERD suggests that:

There are three different levels of GERD: mild, moderate and severe. Someone who has moderate GERD experiences frequent, if not daily, episodes of heartburn and acid reflux. The symptoms associated with GERD also may interfere with participation in daily activities.


What is peristalsis?

Food is able to move down your esophagus to your stomach thanks to peristalsis. Peristalsis are the muscle contractions in your esophagus that help food move along.


What does GERD feel like?

GERD typically is characterized by heartburn symptoms, such as a burning sensation in the middle of the chest. Some people, however, feel different symptoms, such as a feeling of a lump in the throat or a feeling that food can't go down.


Someone who has GERD experiences:

Someone who has occasional heartburn and reflux probably does not have GERD. People with GERD have increasingly severe and frequent acid reflux and heartburn episodes that even occur in the middle of the night.


Besides heartburn, what other symptoms are associated with GERD?

There are several other symptoms besides heartburn that are associated with GERD, including belching, difficulty or pain with swallowing, chronic sore throat, laryngitis, excess saliva, dysphagia, inflammation of the gums, erosion of the enamel of the teeth, bad breath and a sour taste.


What do some people say about GERD?

The symptoms of GERD can be so severe that some people report feeling like they were going to die, either by a heart attack or by suffocating.


Explore More Quizzes

About HowStuffWorks Play

How much do you know about dinosaurs? What is an octane rating? And how do you use a proper noun? Lucky for you, HowStuffWorks Play is here to help. Our award-winning website offers reliable, easy-to-understand explanations about how the world works. From fun quizzes that bring joy to your day, to compelling photography and fascinating lists, HowStuffWorks Play offers something for everyone. Sometimes we explain how stuff works, other times, we ask you, but we’re always exploring in the name of fun! Because learning is fun, so stick with us!