Most of us know what causes a case of the Mondays or tennis elbow -- Mondays and racquet sports -- but what about other conditions and illnesses? You can't always judge a disease by its name. Do you know what causes the stomach flu?
Chicken pox is caused by a herpesvirus called varicella-zoster virus.
Chicken pox and shingles are both caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Anyone who has had chicken pox is vulnerable to the virus reactivating later in life, which is a case of shingles.
Fifth disease is only named this way because it happened to be fifth on a list of childhood illnesses that cause rashes. It's also known as erythema infectiosum.
Influenza does not cause symptoms of what we call stomach flu.
All of these viruses cause gastroenteritis, which many of us call the stomach flu.
Heartburn causes a burning sensation in the chest, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can cause esophageal spasms -- both of which may feel a lot like a heart attack.
Heartburn is a symptom of acid reflux and a hiatal hernia, and may also occur more frequently during pregnancy.
None of these are symptoms of heartburn. Heartburn is normally characterized by one or more of the following: burning feeling in the chest, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, trouble swallowing. It's easy to see how it's often mistaken for a heart attack.
Flesh-eating bacteria does not eat flesh. Confused? The next question might help.
Flesh-eating bacteria attack and kill soft tissue -- including skin, fat, muscles and connective tissues -- and release toxins into the body.
Flesh-eating bacteria most commonly infects the arms, legs and the abdominal wall.
Bacteria in the group A strep family -- the same group that causes strep throat -- is often the cause of flesh-eating bacterial infections.
Lupus pernio is not associated with lupus, nor with pernio -- a condition normally associated with frostbite.
Sebaceous cysts don't develop from sebaceous glands (oil glands); they develop from ectodermal tissue.
Mycosis fungoides produces tumors that resemble mushrooms, but the disorder is not itself fungal.
Transient acantholytic dermatosis, also called Grover disease, is a misnomer because is not always transient. In fact, the condition can be quite persistent in one location.
True -- mostly. It's the bacteria found in that water that causes swimmer's ear, not the water itself.
The name dyshidrosis eczema suggests the disorder is related to sweating and sweat glands, but it's not.
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis may make your joints feel miserable but osteoarthritis is not an autoimmune disease that causes joint inflammation, despite the "itis" in its name.
About 25 percent of women have these small cysts on their ovaries without any other symptom of the condition.