Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Agricultural Machinery?: Howstuffworks
How Much Do You Know About Agricultural Machinery?
Before agricultural machinery, how did farmers do things?
Before agricultural machinery came around, farmers had to use simple tools and animals to help them get things done. Things got a lot easier once machinery was invented.
Today, irrigation is performed by _____ ?
Today, irrigation is performed by tube pumps and sprays. In the past, good old watering cans served that purpose.
The foundation of all farming procedures is performed by ________.
Seeders are considered the foundation of all good farming. Nothing happens until you get those seeds into the land!
Which of these is used for towing and pulling heavy items?
Tractors are a fundamental tool for all farmers. They're used for pulling, pushing, towing and drawing. More of that anon!
What pulls the seed drill?
Tractors are the king of the farm. They're used for pulling seed drills. Seed drills expertly place grain and vegetable seeds into the earth. Tossing them around just won't do anymore.
Which of these is used to prep the earth for cultivation?
The chisel plow can serve a number of different functions. It prepares the earth for cultivation. It also combines land and surface deposits such as manure.
Which is used to distribute seeds in rows?
A row planter does just what its name suggests. This is used to distribute seeds into rows. The tractor pulls this device along the fields.
Which of these is used for pesticides and fertilizer?
The sprayer is another fundamental component in farming. It sprays pesticide and fertilizer on the fields, blanketing the entire area.
Most farming equipment was introduced during which era?
Most of the farming equipment that we see today came about in the Industrial Revolution. There have been a lot of innovations since then, but the basic foundation was laid during that remarkable period.
What is the biggest of all farm machinery?
Tractors are the largest of all agricultural equipment. They perform so many functions on the farm, because various implements can be attached to the tractor, allowing it to do specialized jobs.
What is a backhoe used for?
If you have a lot of digging to do, get yourself a backhoe. The first backhoe was developed by the Wain-Roy Corporation in the 1940s.
What kind of tractor is used for fertilizing?
Smaller tractors, such as garden tractors, are used for fertilizing. They're also great for trimming and cutting grasses.
Before the seed drill, _____ seeds were successfully planted.
Before the seed drill, only a fraction of seeds were successfully planted. The seed drill put an end to all that, by not only drilling the seeds into the land but also covering them in soil.
What is a combine?
The combine does just what its name suggests. It performs multiple tasks on the farm, such as reaping, threshing and winnowing.
The old combine was carried by _______.
The old combine was carried around the field by horses. Today, the combine is carried by a tractor.
To spray liquid quickly, use a _______.
A tractor sprayer is the best option when you want to spray liquid very quickly. A good sprayer is important for proper pest control.
Before the 18th century, farmers used ____ plows.
Before the 18th century, farmers used simple moldboard plows. These were made of wood, but they were plated with thin iron strips to prevent them from wearing out.
Who made plows, back in the day?
The plowwright was responsible for making plows back in the day - and some still make repairs today. It was an important and specialized job, as the plow was the most important bit of equipment in the field.
When was the first plow patented?
In 1807, the first plow was patented by David Peacock of New Jersey. It used cast-iron moldboard and wrought-iron, making the plow easy to repair.
Great innovation came in 1837 from whom?
John Deere is a famous name in agriculture. He was from Grand Detour, Illinois, and he made a plow that cut through thick sod and heavy prairie soil.
John Deere's first plow was nicknamed ______.
John Deere's first plow was known as the singing plow, because of the humming sound that it made when you pulled it. It was music to a farmer's ears.
Plows became more sophisticated in the late 1800s, due to the farming of ______.
Wheat farmers in California and Red River Valley of North Dakota began using sulky plows. These were used in order to cultivate massive amounts of wheat.
What is the term for the practice of planting different crops in different years?
Crop rotation is the practice of planting different crops in a field in successive seasons, to maintain or improve soil quality.
When was the grain drill invented?
The grain drill played a huge role in agricultural innovation. Finally, it was possible to desposit seeds in an efficient and successful way.
Farmers traditionally planted corn by _____.
Farmers would use either a dibbler or a hoe to plant corn by hand. The corn planter was eventually invented in 1864 by John Thompson and John Ramsay of Illinois.
The original check-row corn planter was replaced by what?
It was in the 20th century that check-row planters were replaced by drills to plant corn. This made the process much easier and faster.
The sickle and scythe were replaced by the _______.
The reaper is a modern device that cuts small grain crops. Before, this was done by hand using a sickle or scythe. Only a few acres could be harvested per day with that method.
In the 1850s, a machine was invented to _____ grain.
In the 1850s, a machine was invented in order to bind grain. The machine had a mechanism that wrapped wire around the gavel of grain and placed the bundle on the ground so that it was ready for shocking.
What is a threshing machine?
The threshing machine is used to separate the grain from the plants. Threshing machines date back to 1791, when the first was invented by Samuel Mulliken of Philidelphia.
Plows were invented where?
Plows were first invented in the Middle East, soon after agriculture began. The first plow was known as an ard, and it was made of tree branches.
The __________ built the first simple irrigation system around 7000 B.C.
The Mesopotamians built the first simple irrigation system around 7000 B.C. This would prove to be a fundamental first step toward a world fed by agriculture.
The all-purpose modern tractor was created in the ______.
The first all-purpose tractor was created in the 1920s. Before that, simple tractors were used for pulling plows.
Around fruit farms, _____ are often planted.
Large trees are often planted around fruit farms. This prevents soil erosion from wind. Just a little factoid.
Where was the earliest planned sowing and harvesting of plants?
The earliest planned sowing and harvesting of plants took place in the Fertile Crescent. It has that name for a reason!
What is the largest segment of American agriculture?
Beef production is the largest segment of American agriculture. The U.S. produces more beef than any other country in the world, followed by Brazil.
The history of agriculture is basically the history of civilization, and it's all powered by machinery, both simple and complex. In this quiz, we'll test your knowledge of ag machinery, with a bit of agricultural history on the side! Let's get plowing.
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