The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, more commonly known as NATO, is arguably the most important military alliance in the history of the world. It was created after WWII in the face of the rising aggression of the communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR.
Despite fighting on the side of the Allies against the Axis powers during the war, the Russians were opportunistically determined to fill the power void left by the defeat of Nazi Germany, by spreading their newfangled ideology of communism into eastern Europe, central Asia, and beyond. It was a threat to the newfound peace, as well as potentially disastrous for the people of those nations who had just been crushed by war and genocide and really needed to catch a break at last!
With the British Empire staggering after the costs of destroying the Nazis, the rising superpower of America knew that it would have to step into the gap and secure democracy in Europe. However, President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Winston Churchill wisely knew that this was not something either Britain or America should do on its own.
They set up NATO to ensure that each country, however large or small, would contribute to its own defense as best it could while knowing that it could rely on its neighbors to come to save it if necessary and that in turn, it would own them its protection. With that, the most powerful alliance in world history was born. Let's see how much you know about the details!