How Much Do You Know About Texas History?

HISTORY

By: Becky Stigall

5 Min Quiz

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Deep in the heart of Texas are citizens whose hearts are full of the love of Texas history. Are you one of these people? Heck, even if you are not a citizen of Texas, you might think you know enough about Texas history to undertake this quiz. If you believe you've got what it takes to master this quiz, prove it.

The state of Texas has a long and storied history, from its former connection to the country of Mexico to its annexation by the United States in the mid-1800s. Texas has changed hands numerous times before becoming a state, once belonging to Spain, France, Mexico, and the Republic of Texas, settling, of course, as the 28th state of the United States of America. 

Unlike many other states, the lands of Texas were the stage of international wars and internal struggles. And still, Texas remains unique. With a population that boasts natives and immigrants, the state of Texas brings aspects of culture to the union that many other states can't match. Texans will tell you this, too.

So, if you are a Texas history buff, or you're a citizen who thinks he knows his stuff, let's find out just how much you really know.

What country threatened war if the United States accepted Texas as a state?

Mexico threatened war if the United States accepted Texas as a state. The threat, of course, did not stop Texas' statehood.

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What notorious event occurred in Texas on November 22, 1963?

The assassination of President John F. Kennedy occurred in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963.

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What event made Texas a major economic player in the early 20th century?

The Oil Boom made Texas a major economic player in the early 20th century. The oil boom took place during the first four decades of the 1900s.

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What natural disaster leveled Galveston, Texas, on September 8, 1900?

On September 8, 1900, a hurricane leveled the city of Galveston, Texas. The hurricane was a category 4.

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One of the most memorable battles of the Texas Revolution took place at the _______.

One of the most memorable battles of the Texas Revolution took place at the Alamo. The Alamo was a Roman-Catholic mission in San Antonio.

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Texas seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy. In what year was the state readmitted to the Union?

Texas was readmitted to the Union in 1870. The state fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War.

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On what date did Texas become a state?

Texas became a state on December 29, 1845.

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When the United States annexed Texas in 1845, it became the _____ state?

Texas was the 28th state to join the Union.

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The Johnson Space Center opened in Houston, Texas, in what year?

The Johnson Space Center opened in Houston, Texas, in 1961. This location acts as Mission Control for U. S. space flights.

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What European country was the first to settle in, and claim parts of, Texas?

Spain was the first European country to settle in, and claim parts of, Texas. Other European nations also staked a claim.

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Who was the first President of the Republic of Texas?

Sam Houston was the first president of the Republic of Texas. He was elected in 1836.

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What event forced many Texas panhandle farmers to abandon their farms?

The Dust Bowl forced many Texas panhandle farmers to abandon their farms. The extreme drought conditions lasted from 1934 to 1939.

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The Republic of Texas, an independent country, was formed on what date?

The Republic of Texas, an independent country, was formed on March 2, 1836. The Republic lasted for nearly a decade.

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In what year did Texas become a part of the newly independent Mexico?

Texas become a part of the newly independent Mexico in 1821. This was after the Mexican War for Independence.

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Which of the following nations did NOT ever lay claim to Texas?

Spain, France and Mexico had all laid claim to Texas before it became a U.S. state.

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Texas experienced a major drought in what new-millennium year?

Texas experienced a major drought in 2011. This drought led to the beginning of exploration for additional water sources.

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Which of the following was NOT a major industry in East Texas during World War II?

The aircraft, oil and shipbuilding industries were all major players in Texas during World War II. This area of Texas was becoming more urban.

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In the late 1800s, what industry enabled Texas settlements to sprout up away from existing cities?

In the late 1800s, the railroad industry enabled Texas settlements to sprout up away from existing cities. Before rail travel, cities were clustered around lakes, rivers and other waterways.

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What war was the result of the annexation of Texas by the U.S. in 1845?

The Mexican-American War was the result of the annexation of Texas by the U.S. in 1845. The war took place from 1846-1848.

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Which Texas city did the Spanish call home base in 1680?

In 1680, the Spanish established a settlement in El Paso.

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The French settled what part of Texas in the mid-1680s?

The French settled in southeast Texas in the late 1600s. They were in constant conflict with Spain for additional territory.

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Which conflict was the result of Texas' desire to be independent of Mexico?

The Texas Revolution was the result of Texas' desire to be independent of Mexico. The Revolution lasted for several months in 1835-1836.

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Who did Texas fight for in the American Civil War?

Texas seceded from the United States in 1861 to become part of the Confederate States of America.

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Which of the following was not a major industry in Texas in the 1600s?

Cotton, ranching, and farming were all major industries in Texas in the 1600s.

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Who was the first Spanish explorer to see Texas?

Alonso Álvarez de Pineda was the first Spanish explorer to see Texas. He explored in the early 1500s.

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After which war did France relinquish its Texas territories to Spain?

France relinquished its Texas territories to Spain as part of an agreement to end the Seven Years War. The war took place between 1756 and 1763.

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For 100 years, what Indian nation was dominant in Texas?

The Comanche were dominant in Texas from the mid-1700s to the mid-1800s.

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The Republic of Texas president, Sam Houston, moved the capital of the Republic to what city in 1837?

The Republic of Texas president, Sam Houston, moved the capital of the Republic to Houston in 1837. Before that, the capital was transient.

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The city of Austin became the capital of Texas in what year?

The city of Austin became the capital of Texas in 1839. Before that, the capital was Houston.

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The first domed stadium in the world, the Houston Astrodome, opened in what year?

The first domed stadium in the world, the Houston Astrodome, opened in 1965. It was hailed as the eighth wonder of the world.

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The first skyscraper west of the Mississippi was raised in Dallas in what year?

The first skyscraper west of the Mississippi was raised in Dallas in 1909. The building was the headquarters of the Praetorian Insurance Company.

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The East Texas Oilfield was discovered on what date?

The East Texas Oilfield was discovered on October 5, 1930. It continues to be the biggest oil producer in the U.S.

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During World War II, Texas housed 15% of what population?

During World War II, Texas housed 15% of the country's prisoners of war. This was the first war in which the U.S. held prisoners on domestic soil.

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Before being settled by the Spanish, Texas was home to what Indian tribe(s)?

Before the Spanish settled Texas, it was home to the Caddos, the Kraankawas and the Coahuiltecan Indians. Several other tribes occupied the area as well.

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What agreement helped the Republic of Texas settle its debts after becoming a state?

The Compromise of 1850 helped the Republic of Texas settle its debts after becoming a state. In the Compromise, the U.S. gave Texas $10,000,000.

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