In the last few years, U.S. borders have become one of the hot topics in American politics. From securing the country's southern border to gerrymandering neighborhood, city and county borders, Americans seem to have a fondness for moving stuff around and arguing over who is in control of what. So how much do you know about U.S. borders? Now is the time to mark up your map to find out.
President Trump has been taunting opponents with the promise to build a wall. Do you know how high his proposed wall would be? Do you know the most secure and fortified section of the U.S. and Mexico border? If someone sneaks across the border, how far do border patrol officers have jurisdiction?
While we tend to focus on the southern border, the U.S. border with Canada is also monitored. Do you know what was taken away from the entire 5,500 miles of border between the United States and Canada? Hint: hopefully it helps people see better. Or, do you know where the longest border in the world without military control can be found? It may be closer than you think.
This is the quiz about U.S. borders and how we protect or monitor them. How much do you know? You might have to cross the border to find out!
The most controversial U.S. border is between the U.S. and Mexico, of course. The border with Canada is one of the most peaceful in the world.
Roughly 1/3 of the current U.S.-Mexican border already has a wall, of sorts. This would be made from concrete, steel mesh and/or barbed wire.
Primary fencing between the U.S. and Mexican border is roughly 18 feet high. Secondary fencing is about 15 feet high.
The most fortified portion of the U.S. border is in the San Diego area. It includes 46 miles of primary fencing.
The original wall proposed by Donald Trump was going to be 35 to 40 feet high, but sometimes it was projected to be higher. “Wall shall mean a contiguous, physical wall or other similarly secure, contiguous and impassable physical barrier,” according to a 2017 executive order.
It’s false that the the U.S.-Canada border has military defense. In truth, it’s the longest border in the world without a military defense.
Just an interesting fact. The Berlin Wall was torn down by citizens, not the government.
The busiest border in the world is the U.S.-Mexico border. It measures roughly 1,954 miles.
Each year, roughly 300 million people go through the southern border of the U.S. This includes roughly 90 million cars and 4.3 million trucks.
Since the implementation of NAFTA, commercial vehicles crossing the border have increased. In fact, it has increased by 41%.
Two-way trade is the highest in the state of Texas. In 2016, imports totaled $81 billion and exports totaled $93 billion, just between Texas and Mexico.
The U.S. Border Patrol has jurisdiction of up to 100 miles from the border. They can request proof of citizenship within that distance of the border.
There was certainly a drawn border between North and South Carolina. It used to be marked by stones and notches on trees.
Nik Wallenda was a tightrope walker that crossed over the border of Niagara Falls. He was forced to show his passport upon entering Canada.
During WWII, Mexican workers were actually encouraged to cross the border into the U.S. Their help was needed for agricultural jobs. These workers were called "braceros."
There is a 20-foot-wide carving along the U.S. and Canada border - essentially a gap in the forest. This carving goes along the entirety of the 5,500 thousand mile border.
There are four U.S. states that sit on the Mexican border. These are California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.
There are currently 48 U.S.-Mexican border crossings. San Ysidro is the busiest.
El Paso, Texas, is called the "Mexican Ellis Island." It's one of the most popular spots for Mexican migration.
Mexicans choose to immigrate to the U.S. for several reasons. These include economic, social, political and environmental causes.
The Mexican population in America has increased by 50% each decade. This has been holding steady since the 1970s.
The Bracero Program welcomed Mexicans to America from 1943-1965. It brought 5 million temporary laborers to the U.S.
The U.S. Border Patrol was formed with the Labor Appropriation Act of 1924. The Act combated smuggling and illegal immigration.
Factoid: In WWII, Danes would make those returning to the country pronounce the name of a dessert, which Germans couldn't pronounce. It was rødgrød med fløde.
There's actually a theme park in Mexico, the Parque EcoAlberto, that has a fake border crossing with a 7.5 mile night hike. The attraction is meant to discourage illegal border crossings.
There's actually an Inn on the U.S.-Canadian border where you can watch smugglers or people simply trying to enter a country illegally at night. They give you night vision binoculars.
Literally. There are intimidating border patrol agents in South and North Korea that just stare at each other all day. This is meant to intimidate the other side.
The Golden State Fence Company was hired to build part of the border wall. Ironically, they were fined $5 million for hiring illegal immigrants.
Our peaceful border with Canada is ambiguous, at best. It was so rough, that in 1832 part of New Hampshire declared independence as a sovereign state.
The U.S. government has a special law enforcement unit of Native Americans who use indigenous tracking/ranging methods. They're called “The Shadow Wolves.”
Fun enough, along the entire U.S.-Canadian border, all the trees have been removed. That makes things clearer, right?
President George W. Bush authorized fencing along the U.S.-Mexican border, and Senator Hillary Clinton voted in favor of it. This was per the Secure Fence Act.
The most new immigrants to the U.S. come from Mexico. After that, you have India, China and the Philippines.
The largest number of Americans residing outside of the United States live in Mexico. That makes it a two-way street!
Over 40 million people living in the U.S. were born in another country, as of 2013. That's about one-fifth of the world's migrants.