How Much Do You Know About U.S. Military History?

Becky Stigall

How many U.S. presidents served in the U.S. Army?

Thirty-one of our presidents served in the Army. Twenty-four of these served during wartime.

How many U.S. presidents were 5-star generals?

Two of our presidents earned the rank of 5-star general in the U.S. Army. These presidents were George Washington and Dwight Eisenhower.

Which U.S. president earned the Medal of Honor?

Teddy Roosevelt earned the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Army. He was one of 31 presidents to serve in the Army.

Which branch of the military was once a division of the Army?

The Air Force was once a division of the U.S. Army. Until 1946, the U.S. Air Force was called the Army Air Corps.

Which U.S. president served as an enlisted man in the Army?

James Buchanan served as an enlisted man in the U.S. Army. This is unusual in the respect that he never earned an officer title.

Who is the largest employer in the United States?

The DoD is the United States' largest employer. The department employs roughly two million individuals on active duty.

The Department of Defense owns _____________ acres of land around the world.

The Department of Defense owns 29,819,492 acres of land around the world. This includes foreign military installations.

The United States has more than ___ military installations overseas.

The United States has more than 700 military installations overseas. This number does not include domestic installations.

The U.S. Marine Corps motto, "Semper Fidelis,” means what?

The Marine Corps motto, "Semper Fidelis,” means Always Faithful. The motto was adopted in 1883.

What breed of canine serves as the unofficial mascot of the U.S. Marines?

The English Bulldog serves as the unofficial mascot of the U.S. Marines. The Germans give the Marines the nickname of "Devil Dogs" during World War II.

Explorers Lewis and Clark charted the nation as part of which branch of the armed forces?

The Lewis and Clark Expedition was a U.S. Army project. The purpose of the expedition was to map the nation.

The Air Force's F-117 fighter is based on research into what creature?

The Air Force's F-117 fighter is based on research into the bumblebee. The study was based on insect aerodynamics.

When was the U.S. military deemed official?

The U.S. military deemed official on September 29, 1789. This occurred via an act of Congress.

The U.S. legislature _________ the Continental Army following the Revolutionary War.

The U.S. legislature disbanded the Continental Army following the Revolutionary War. This was because the nation's founding fathers did not believe in standing armies in times of peace.

Which branch of government has the power to raise and support armies?

The legislative branch of government has the power to raise and support armies. Specifically, Congress gives the president permission to call reserves into action.

Which war is considered the bloodiest in U.S. history?

The Civil War was the bloodiest in U.S. history. World War II is second.

What color is the uniform of the U.S. Army?

The dress uniform of the Army was blue as selected by George Washington. The summer uniform is khaki. The winter uniform is greenish-brown. And soldiers began wearing camouflage in 1898.

Did women fight in the Revolutionary War?

A few women did fight in the Revolutionary War. Specifically, Molly Pitcher and Deborah Sampson, both of whom saw combat.

What role did Deborah Sampson play in the Revolutionary War?

Deborah Sampson disguised herself as a man during the Revolutionary War. In this way, she actively engaged in combat.

Women were officially allowed to serve in the military when?

Women were officially allowed to serve in the military in 1901. However, they were limited to the capacity of nurses.

What was the first non-medical position for women in the U.S. Army?

Women first served in the Army as nurses. Then, in 1917, they served in clerical positions to free up men to fight in World War I.

When were women permitted to serve permanently in the U.S. Army?

Women were officially permitted to serve permanently in the U.S. Army in 1948. This was signed into law by President Harry S. Truman.

How many times has the U.S. formally declared war?

The U.S. has formally declared war only five times. However, the military has been employed more than 300 times for missions other than peacekeeping.

Which U.S. general headed the D-Day invasion of World War II?

General Dwight D. Eisenhower headed the D-Day invasion. Eisenhower's military service preceded his presidency.

What rank did President James Buchanan hold in the military

President James Buchanan was a private in the Pennsylvania militia. He served during the War of 1812.

Roughly how many civilians are employed by the military?

Roughly 700,000 civilians are employed by the U.S. military. It is the largest employer in the world.

The U.S. military budget is in the _________.

The U.S. military budget is in the billions. In 2013, the budget was over $600 billion.

What countries have increased their military budgets in recent years, even as the U.S. has cut its?

China, Russia and Saudi Arabia have all increased their military budgets in recent years. Each of these nations has more than doubled its budget since 2010.

How many U.S. presidents have served in the Navy?

Six U.S. presidents have served in the U.S. Navy. Thirty-one presidents have served in the military.

Armed Forces Day was created in ____.

Armed Forces Day was created in August 1949. It was first observed in 1950.

What was the name of the Coast Guard hockey team?

What? You didn't know the Coast Guard had a hockey team? They played in the 1940s.

Which of the following celebrities were airmen?

Johnny Cash, Morgan Freeman and James Stewart were all airmen. Stewart was even a general in the Air Force Reserve.

Comedian Bob Hope was an honorary Marine. What was his title?

Comedian Bob Hope was an honorary brigadier general in the U.S. Marines. Bugs Bunny is an honorary master sergeant.

Which of the following presidents was/were airmen?

Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush were both airmen. Reagan served when the Air Force was still a division of the Army.

The oldest Coast Guard boat station is in ___ ______.

The oldest Coast Guard boat station is in Sandy Hook, New Jersey. Coast Guard vessels often have mascots.

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About This Quiz

The U.S military has a rich and storied history. Although we can't share every historical fact here, we challenge you to discover how many of these you can get right.

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