How Well Do You Know History's Most Powerful Monarchs?

By: Isadora Teich

6 Min Quiz

Image: YouTube

About This Quiz

History is full of dazzling kings and powerful queens who left their mark. How well do you know them? Test your royal knowledge with this royal HowStuffWorks quiz!

Which ruler has an era named after her?

The Victorian era is named after Queen Victoria, who ruled from 1837-1901. During her reign, Great Britain became a highly modern empire spread across the globe.

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Which famous queen of Egypt was actually Greek?

Cleopatra is a famously beautiful Egyptian Pharaoh, though she came from a Greek family and her beauty may have just been a myth. Statues and coins from the era show a masculine-looking Cleopatra with a large hooked nose.

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Alexander ________created one of the largest ancient empires.

Alexander the Great's empire was so extensive that his royal titles spanned Persia, Egypt, Asia, Greece and more. He did all by the age of 30.

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Roman Emperor Nero was famous for being:

Nero was an unstable extravagant deviant who threw Rome into chaos. He ended up committing suicide after a 12-year reign to escape a violent death sentence.

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Which legendary monarch is said to have pulled the sword from the stone?

King Arthur ruled in the 5-6th Century. He's said to have united all of the British tribes to fight against Saxon invaders. His legends inspired medieval chivalry and knighthood.

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Which legendary monarch fought in the crusades?

Richard I reigned from 1189-1199. He was known for his courage in battle, but spent little time actually in England during his reign.

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What is the full name of Egyptian Pharaoh King Tut?

Known as King Tut, this boy Pharaoh became famous after his tomb was discovered in the Valley of the Kings in 1922. He was only 18 when he died.

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Which king is known for having 6 wives?

Henry VIII is famous for creating the Anglican church by splitting England from Rome. He also had 2 of his 6 wives executed.

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Cyrus the Great founded the first ______ empire.

Cyrus the Great created the first Persian empire, which stretched from the Ancient Near East to Central and Southwest Asia. A unique and well-loved emperor, he showed respect the religions and cultures of the peoples he conquered.

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Which ruler is known as the Sun King?

Louis XIV was a French monarch and patron of the arts. Under his rule, French became a major European colonial power.

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Which of these queens ruled Ancient Egypt?

Nefertiti was the consort of Pharaoh Akhenaten and depicted as his equal in Ancient Art. Together they brought a number of sweeping religious reforms to Egpyt.

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Leonidas I was the king of:

Leonidas was the King of Ancient Sparta. He was the commander of the allied Greek forces at the Battle of Thermopylae, when Persia invaded Greece.

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Which queen was known as the Virgin Queen?

Queen Elizabeth I, who ruled England from 1558 to 1603, is known as the Virgin Queen. During her reign, there was largely religious peace and military victory.

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Who was King of England during the American Revolution?

It was under George III's rule that Great Britain lost its American colonies. Toward the end of his life, he became mentally unstable.

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Which queen got her husband dethroned?

Isabella I of France was also known as the She-Wolf of France. After marrying Edward II of England, she overthrew him and put their son on the throne, who she ruled through.

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Who was the queen of both France and England?

Eleanor of Aquitaine would have been an impressive woman in any era, let alone the Middle Ages. As a queen of both France (from 1137-1152) and England (from 1154-1189), she was a fiercely intelligent and active head of government for many years.

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Which of these famous figures was assassinated?

Julius Caesar was one of the key figures behind the fall of the Roman Republic and the Rise of the Roman Empire. He was assassinated by the Senate after being declared dictator of Rome.

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Which ruler has a famous death mask?

Boy Pharaoh Tutankhamen was only 9 when he took the throne. His tomb is one of the most intact ever found in Egypt.

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William the Conqueror became King of England after his victory at __________.

Childless King Edward the Confessor promised William, Duke of Normandy, the English throne when he died. After one of Edward's relatives succeeded him, William attacked England in the famous Battle of Hastings.

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Which queen is said to have provoked the French Revolution?

Marie Antoinette was Queen of France from 1774 to 1792 when she was beheaded at the beginning of the French Revolution. While originally popular with the people, her extravagance and ignorance of their problems caused them to turn on her.

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Which Roman emperor made Christianity the state religion?

This Ancient Roman emperor was popular and famous for many military, governmental and social reforms. He is famous for converting Rome to Christianity.

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Which ruler founded a massive empire?

Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire, which stretched from Southern India to Afghanistan and even included Macedonian territories. He later left the throne after accepting Jainism.

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____________ was a daughter of Peter the Great.

Elizabeth I became empress of Russia after seizing the title in a coup. She was a popular ruler and arts patron who helped found Russia's first university.

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Henry II was a king of:

Henry II was the founder of the Plantagenet dynasty, which would rule England for almost 300 years. Richard the Lionheart was one of his children.

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Akbar the Great's empire took up almost all of:

Akbar the Great was a Muslim ruler who took the throne at age 13. He created peace through policy across a vast and diverse empire.

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The Empress known as Catherine the Great is:

Catherine the Great was the longest-ruling female in Russian history. Russia became larger, stronger, and renowned under her rule.

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Spain ________ under King Phillip II.

Spain experienced its Golden Age under the rule of Phillip II. It was at its most powerful and most productive culturally.

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Who was the last emperor of China?

Puyi was both the last Emperor of China and Khan of Mongolia. He was forced to abdicate in 1912 after the Xinhai revolution and ended up escaping to a Japanese puppet state. Following the birth of the People's Republic of China in 1949, he was jailed as a war criminal for a decade.

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Which ruler defeated Richard the Lionheart in battle?

Saladin fought many battles against crusaders and won almost all of them. When he died, he left all of his possessions to the poorest of his subjects.

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Henry I was the son of:

Henry I was the fourth son of William the Conqueror, the first Norman King of England. He became king after his brother William II died in a hunting accident.

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Which ruler had an only 4-year reign?

Caligula was such a violent, terrible and wasteful ruler that he only spent four years as a Roman emperor before being assassinated. He was the first Roman emperor to be assassinated.

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Empress Theodora was the wife of ___________ Emperor Justinian I.

Theodora was the emperor's most trusted consultant. She used her position to get the emperor to make progressive policies that favored women and young girls.

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Holy Roman Emperor Charles V built a large:

Charles V had several titles, including Holy Roman Emperor, King of the Romans and King of Italy. He ruled over the Spanish Empire and Holy Roman Empire as well as the Spanish colonies in America and Asia.

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________ is considered to be the most powerful Egyptian Pharoah of all time.

Ramses II is known as Ramses the Great. A great builder and warrior, he was involved in the battle of Kadesh, which was possibly the largest chariot battle ever fought.

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Razia Sultana was the first female _________ ruler.

Razia Sultana was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236-1240. A descendant of slaves, she was the first female Muslim ruler ever.

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