How Well Do You Know These Middle School Earth Science Terms?

EDUCATION

Becky

5 Min Quiz

Which term means erosion by friction?

The term abrasion means erosion by friction. Abrasion is how rocks are ground down.

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Water that has condensed on a cool surface overnight is called what?

Water that has condensed on a cool surface overnight is called dew. The temperature at which dew forms is called the dew point.

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Which term describes the center of an object?

The center of an object is its core. The earth's core is made of iron and nickel.

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Which term indicates the third period of the Mesozoic era?

The third period of the Mesozoic era was the Cretaceous period. The Cretaceous period began approximately 144 million years ago.

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Which term describes a violent storm in which air moves in a circular direction?

A cyclone is a violent storm in which air moves in a circular direction. Anticyclones revolve opposite the Earth's rotation.

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Which term describes a silvery ductile metallic element?

Aluminum is a silvery ductile metallic element. Bauxite is made up partly of aluminum.

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Which term is a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind?

An anemometer is a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind. A barometer measures air pressure.

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A fold in rock that resembles an arch is defined by what term?

Anticline is a fold in a rock that resembles an arch. The fold is arched upward.

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Which term describes an underground layer of rock or sand that yields groundwater?

An aquifer is underground layer of rock or sand that yields groundwater. Aquifers can be tapped for wells and springs.

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Which of the following is a colorless and odorless inert gas?

Argon is a colorless and odorless inert gas. The symbol of argon is "A."

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The envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body is defined by what term?

An atmosphere is the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body. The earth has an atmosphere.

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Which term describes an island consisting of a coral reef surrounding a lagoon?

An atoll is an island consisting of a coral reef surrounding a lagoon. The reef of an atoll is circular.

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What is the smallest component of an element called?

The smallest component of an element is an atom. Atoms are linked by chemical bonds.

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What are bands of light caused by charged solar particles called?

Bands of light caused by charged solar particles are called auroras. The Northern Lights are an aurora.

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Which term describes a wispy white cloud at a high altitude?

A wispy white cloud at a high altitude is a cirrus cloud. Cirrus clouds are made up of ice crystals.

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The weather in some location averaged over a period of time is called what?

The weather in some location averaged over a period of time is called climate. Climate is a factor in a biome.

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Which term describes a slide of large masses of snow, ice and mud down a mountain?

A slide of large masses of snow, ice and mud down a mountain is an avalanche. Gravity is the force that causes an avalanche.

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The shore of a sea or ocean is called what?

The shore of a sea or ocean is called a coast. We had to throw in a really easy one, right?

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A large cave or a large chamber in a cave is defined as what term?

A large cave or a large chamber in a cave is a cavern. Caverns are typically found underground.

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Which term is defined as solid unweathered rock beneath surface deposits of soil?

Solid unweathered rock beneath surface deposits of soil is called bedrock. The Flintstones lived in the town of Bedrock ... oops, that's a different quiz.

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A major ecological community with distinct climate and flora is known as what?

A biome is major ecological community with distinct climate and flora. A rainforest is a biome.

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Which term describes one of the large landmasses of the earth?

One of the large landmasses of the earth is a continent. There are seven continents on earth.

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The lowest temperature theoretically attainable is defined by what term?

The lowest temperature theoretically attainable is defined by the term absolute zero. This is the temperature at which, theoretically, no molecular activity exists.

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Which term describes a large smooth mass of rock detached from a place of origin?

A boulder is a large smooth mass of rock detached from a place of origin. In order of size: pebble, cobble, boulder.

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Which terms means a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together?

Aggregate is defined as a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together. It also describes a type of rock.

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A hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding region is called a what?

A butte is a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding region. A butte and a mesa are not the same thing.

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Which term describes a large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano?

A caldera is a large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano. The crater is depressed and circular.

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Which of the following is an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds?

Carbon is an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds. The symbol for carbon is "C."

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Which term means precipitation forming when gas emissions combine with water?

Acid rain is defined as precipitation forming when gas emissions combine with water. Acid rain is bad for the environment.

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What term describes a heavy, odorless, colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances?

Carbon dioxide is a heavy, odorless, colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances. Plants absorb carbon dioxide.

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Which term describes the process of changing from a gas to a liquid or solid state?

Condensation is process of changing from a gas to a liquid or solid state. Clouds are the result of condensation.

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Which term means to take in a liquid

Absorb means to take in liquid. Light can also be absorbed.

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The organic phenomenon of rotting is defined as what?

Decay is the organic phenomenon of rotting. Decay is a factor in absolute dating.

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Any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste describes what term?

Any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste is the definition of an acid. This term is also used in chemistry.

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Elevation above sea level or above the earth's surface is defined by what term?

Altitude is defined as elevation above sea level or above the earth's surface. An altimeter is used to measure altitude.

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About This Quiz

Was earth science your favorite subject in school? If it was, we know that you'll remember all of the terms on this quiz. Let's get started to find out how much you really remember about middle school earth science.

Are you an earth science nerd? One of the keys to being a proper science geek is the ability to speak the lingo. But, since you've managed to find your way to this quiz, we're going to assume that you already have that particular talent mastered. Earth science is the study of the earth and its atmosphere, and there are several branches that make up the field. Some of the branches of earth science are geology, oceanography, astronomy and meteorology, which are the studies of the earth's physical structure, the oceans, space and the weather, respectively. And, understandably, middle school earth science terms cover a little bit of each of these fields of study with terms such as volcano, atmosphere, coral reef and cyclone. If you know the definitions of these terms, you're probably ready for this quiz. If not, you might want to grab a middle school earth science book and brush up on your science vocab.

Take this quiz and brag to your friends if you ace it!

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