Hypnotism Quiz

SCIENCE

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Staff

4 Min Quiz

What happens during hypnosis?

When a person is hypnotized, she is relaxed ... but in a mental state that allows her to be much more open to suggestion from the hypnotist.

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The term "hypnosis" comes from a Greek word that means what?

If you find yourself becoming very, very sleepy, maybe it's because the term originated from a Greek word that refers to sleep.

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True or False: People who undergo hypnosis are under full control of their actions.

Contrary to popular misconception, people who are hypnotized aren't puppets or zombies -- they are in full control of their actions.

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What are "post hypnotic suggestions"?

Many therapists believe that positive suggestions made during hypnosis can influence a subject's thoughts and behaviors following the hypnosis session.

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What is hypnotherapy?

With hypnotherapy, a therapist hypnotizes a patient and uses suggestion in the hopes of creating lasting positive emotional and mental effects.

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What is a "mentalist"?

The word mentalist is typically used to describe performance artists who may conjure all sorts of abilities, from divination, to mind control, to hypnosis.

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When did psychologists first associate hypnosis with the potential for tapping into the subconscious mind?

In the late 1800s, researchers like Sigmund Freud began to see hypnosis as a way to connect a person with the unconscious mind.

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A Scottish surgeon named James Braid came up with the word "hypnotism" as short for what other term?

The term neuro-hypnotism had already been in use by the middle of the 19th century. Braid helped shorten it to simply hypnotism.

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James Braid said that there were how many stages of hypnosis?

He named the three stages "sub-hypnotic," "full hypnotic" and "hypnotic coma."

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True or False: Stage hypnotism is ultimately the same thing as clinical hypnotism.

Stage hypnotism is performance art that accentuates a subject's willingness to act in front of others. Clinical hypnotism takes a more rigorous and scientific approach to this craft.

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What is hypnotic induction?

Hypnotic induction is any process that the practitioner uses to create a sense of hypnosis in the subject. Often, visual aids are used for induction.

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How did social psychologists Sarbin and Coe refer to hypnotism?

These particular psychologists viewed hypnosis through the lens of role theory, and they saw hypnosis as a type of role playing.

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Why are pocket watches often used for hypnotic induction?

Because they come with chains that make them easy to swing back and forth -- and are visually entrancing -- pocket watches are the stereotypical tool of the hypnotist. But any visually arresting object will do the trick.

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True or False: Under the guidance of a trained practitioner, just about anyone can be hypnotized.

Not everyone is susceptible to hypnosis. Some people don't react openly to the idea of suggestibility, making it nearly impossible for the hypnotist to put the subject under his spell.

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In what year was the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale developed?

The so-called Stanford Scale is made up of various tasks that test a subject's cognitive and motor skills. The idea is to rate just how susceptible a particular person is to hypnosis.

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How does a hypnotist know when a subject has been hypnotized?

A subject that responds to suggestions is probably hypnotized … or at least pretending to be hypnotized.

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To what does "Braidism" refer?

Hypnotists often use visual tools to create the hypnotic trance in their subjects. A slowly swinging object, for example, causes people to fixate with their eyes and then slowly become hypnotized.

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When did our modern notion of hypnotism first take hold?

An Austrian doctor named Franz Mesmer conceived many of our ideas of hypnosis. He was mocked, however, for saying that hypnosis involved a flow of magical energy transferred from the hypnotist to the subject.

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True or False: Some people can cure bad behaviors with one season of hypnotherapy.

Hypnotherapy isn't magic -- the process uses mental conditioning to help patients improve their behaviors for the betterment of their lives.

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In Hypnotic Induction Profile, what's one sign that a person is fully hypnotized?

In this particular profile, if a person's eyes roll back into his or her head, hypnosis is successful. The more the whites of the eyes are showing, the better.

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What is the placebo effect?

The so-called placebo effect relies on simulated medical treatments. In many cases, patients who merely believe that a medication is working will show positive results. Hypnosis relies heavily on the placebo effect to generate its results.

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Which trait shows that you might be more susceptible to hypnosis than most people?

People with active imaginations -- like those who have vivid recollections of imaginary playmates -- tend to be more susceptible to hypnosis than people who swerve more towards realism.

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True or False: No one really uses hypnotherapy for pain management.

Hypnotherapy can not only help patients break bad habits, but it can assist people in addressing physical pain.

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What is NOT an example of "environmental hypnosis"?

Any experience that causes you to be completely absorbed can be considered hypnotic. A boring book is more likely to make you feel distracted or restless.

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For about how long has hypnosis been used in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy?

Since the middle of the 20th century, many psychologists have viewed hypnosis as a helpful tool in restructuring the behaviors of their patients. Many people have reaped the benefits of this combined approach.

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In the 1840s, James Braid wrote about the similarities between hypnotism and what other activity?

Braid noticed that there were many similarities between hypnosis and Eastern meditation practices, and he noted that they shared many of the same benefits, too.

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True or False: No one has ever been hypnotized and then permanently remained in a hypnotic state.

One myth of hypnosis is that a subject might fall into a state of hypnosis and then never return to reality. Hypnosis might offer a temporary relief from reality, but it's not a permanent state.

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How did Sigmund Freud first react to the idea of hypnotherapy?

At first, Freud was, shall we say, entranced by the idea of hypnosis. Eventually, though, he decided that psychoanalysis was a better way to address the human mind.

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What is "mesmerism"?

Franz Mesmer was so closely intertwined with hypnotism in the 1700s that hypnotism was often simply called "mesmerism."

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To what did Franz Mesmer attribute many of the benefits of hypnosis?

Mesmer believed that hypnosis was a way to tap into the magnetic forces in the world all around us. These days, we understand that that power of the mind can help people learn and heal in many ways.

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About This Quiz

You are getting very, very sleepy as you listen to the sound of my voice. How much do you know about hypnosis?

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