It's normal to feel sad or anxious from time to time -- you're human, right? But when that sadness becomes a persistent feeling, it could be depression. How much do you know about depression?
Is it true that depressed brains look different on imaging studies?
It is true, depressed brains look different than non-depressed brains on imaging studies. These scans also show that certain structures and circuits in a depressed brain work differently.
More than six million people in the U.S. are living with major depression. Who is more likely to be diagnosed, men or women?
Women are more likely to be diagnosed than men are, about twice as often.
As much as 65 percent of the time, depression is confused with what condition?
Sixty-five percent of people living with depression may falsely think they have anxiety, because depression symptoms don't look the same from person to person.
How many Americans living with depression won't seek treatment?
As many as two-thirds of people living with depression don't seek treatment.
A person living with what mood disorder will experience the lows of depression along with extreme highs, called mania?
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that causes the low moods of depression but also highs, called mania.
Which type of depression occurs during pregnancy?
Prenatal is before, postpartum is after, and that leaves antepartum, which is depression that develops during pregnancy.
What's it called when severe depression causes a person to have delusions and hallucinations?
When a person with depression that also has delusions or hallucinations, it's a form of depression called psychotic depression.
How long do the baby blues that so many women experience after giving birth last?
The mild symptoms of anxiety and depression that develop after you give birth is called the "baby blues," which usually lifts within two weeks of your baby's birth.
Which condition is depression known to co-occur with, and, often, worsen?
Diabetes, heart disease and Parkinson's disease are just three of many health conditions that are associated with depression.
Which one of these medicines does not have FDA approval to use as a treatment for depression?
St. John's wort, although anecdotally an effective depression treatment, isn't approved by the FDA. And, because it can interact with an antidepressant, never take the two together. Omega-3s and SAMe have yet to be proven safe or effective for routine treatment.
Antidepressants are prescription meds that do what?
There are many kinds of antidepressants, and they're all options to treat depression.
It's believed which doesn't cause depression?
Current evidence suggests that it's a combination of things that cause our depression, including biological, environmental and psychological factors. And don't forget about what's in your genes.
You've been feeling off over the last two weeks. Which is a sign your "off" feeling is actually depression?
There are several warning signs of depression, such as feelings of hopelessness and difficulty concentrating, as well as fatigue, a persistent sad mood and aches and pains that don't have a physical cause.
When does a person's first depressive episode usually happen?
While it can settle in at any age, depression most often begins in adulthood.
When does seasonal affective disorder typically lift?
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), is a cyclical form of depression that is triggered during the winter months. It typically lifts in the springtime when the days become longer and you're exposed to more sunlight.
Which short-term therapy focuses on both thoughts and behaviors?
CBT, cognitive behavioral therapy, is a short-term therapy that has a hands-on, goal-oriented approach to treatment.
Which is not an evidence-based approach specifically for treating depression?
"Talk therapy," also called psychotherapy, can help -- especially when combined with medication. Evidence-based approaches in talk therapy for depression include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy and problem-solving therapy.
Which is a type of brain stimulation therapy is sometimes used to treat depression?
ECT has been used for decades, at first with not-so-great side effects. More recent brain stimulation therapies aimed at treating treatment-resistant depression include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).
What is a cause of situational depression?
Situational depression can be triggered by life events, such as the death of a loved one, divorce or financial problems.
Which depressive disorder used to be called "dysthymia"?
Commonly known as "dysthymia" before the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) came out, persistent depressive disorder is a longer-lasting but milder form of major depressive disorder (clinical depression).
If you have five or more symptoms of depression occurring every day or most days for two weeks or longer, what kind of depression do you have?
At least five symptoms of depression, including either a depressed mood or a general loss of interest in activities, that last for two weeks or longer is the criteria for a major depression diagnosis.
What's one big difference between major depression and what's known as atypical depression?
Atypical depression is, well, a bit atypical when you compare it to major depression. Symptoms of atypical depression include all of these, plus an increase in appetite and a general feeling of heaviness (especially in your arms and legs).
Which family members have a 30 percent chance of both developing depression?
Identical twins have the same genes and a 30 percent chance of both developing depression. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), genetic predisposition does influence your odds of developing depression, but there's more here to learn.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of what other condition?
PMDD is a severe form of PMS, causing severe symptoms of depression plus tension and irritability during the week before your period begins.
Can you correctly finish this statement? People who are depressed are prone to ____ more than non-depressed people.
People living with depression are more likely to catch a cold or come down with the flu or other illnesses than people who aren't depressed.
We know that certain parts of the brain are responsible for certain mental illnesses. Where does depression come from?
Depression, as well as anxiety disorders and PTSD, have been linked to an overactive amygdala and prefrontal cortex in your brain.
Which is a physical symptom of depression?
Physical symptoms of depression can include aches and pains, all-over muscle tension, stomach problems and shortness of breath -- among others.
Which came first, chronic pain or depression?
It can be hard to know which came first. Chronic pain is a symptom of depression but living with long-term pain can cause depression.
Which lifestyle choice can help ease your depression?
Whether you live with mild or severe depression, simple routine changes can help make a difference. Experts recommend at least 30 minutes of exercise every day, a healthy diet and a regular bedtime.
Why don't all antidepressants work for everyone living with depression?
Sometimes antidepressants don't work, or they need to be paired with other medications to get the right effect. It's not like you did it on purpose -- how well your meds work has to do with the physiology of your brain.
Could hot yoga or a warm bath help your depression symptoms?
Maybe. There's a theory that people with depression might have a problem with their thermoregulatory system and warming up could work kind of like an antidepressant.
Which of these neurotransmitters doesn't likely play a role in depression?
Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is the hormone that plays a role in your body's fight or flight response. But it's not, as we currently know, a player in the onset of depression.
Which age group has the highest suicide rate?
Teens may seem like the obvious choice, but actually, the group with the highest suicide rate are the elderly. White men over age 85, specifically, have a suicide rate of 49.8 deaths per 100,000.
There's a complicated relationship going on in our bodies, between our gut bacteria and our brain. If depression does comes from the gut, what may help?
This is still a theory, but evidence suggests that prebiotics and probiotics could play a role in preventing and managing depression.
The World Health Organization considers depression to be a leading cause of what, worldwide?
WHO considers depression a leading cause of disability around the world.
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