The island of Madagascar, located off the southeastern coast of Africa, is home to a unique primate, the lemur. Take this quiz and see why the lemur resides only in Madagascar.
It is one of the most geographically diverse countries, ranging from beautiful beaches and serene grasslands to raging rivers and dry deserts.
The rainy season is from December to April.
The lemur is the best known inhabitant, probably because it lives only in Madagascar.
Lemurs, like monkeys and humans, are primates.
There are 88 species of lemurs.
There are no other primates on the island.
They are prosimians.
Prosimians groom themselves and others using their teeth as combs, whereas anthropoids use their fingers.
They are insectivorous (insect eating) and herbivorous (plant eating) creatures.
It is female-dominated. Females get the best food and choose their own mates.
It dates back 55 million years.
The anthropoids were larger, more adaptive and intelligent and out-hunted the prosimians. Survival of the fittest led to the disappearance of the prosimians.
They probably crossed over from Africa on large bunches of floating vegetation.
The large gorilla-sized lemurs were seen as threats and hunted by the settlers.
It is estimated to have weighed between 350 and 440 pounds (159 to 200 kilograms).
The Indi weighs 15 to 20 pounds (6.8 to 9 kilograms).
Sixteenth century Portuguese explorers, awakened in the middle of the night by the howls of the lemurs, saw their eyes flickering in the dark and became convinced they were the ghosts of their dead companions. They dubbed them lemurs, Latin for ghosts.
The tiny pygmy mouse lemur weighs just 25 grams.
They believe the nocturnal lemurs are omens of bad luck and should be killed.
People in the western part of Madagascar regard the lemur as an ancestor. They consider hunting the lemur to be taboo.