Quiz: Do You Know the Meaning of These Simple Spanish Words?: HowStuffWorks
Do You Know the Meaning of These Simple Spanish Words?
By: Kennita Leon
6 Min Quiz
Image: delreycarlos/Moment/Getty Images
About This Quiz
After Chinese Mandarin, English and Hindustani, the Spanish language is the fourth most commonly spoken language in the world. It is one of the Western Romance languages and was first heard in the Castilian region of Spain. This language is said to have evolved from a mixture of many languages which include Vulgar Latin. And with over 400 million speakers in the world, you must've heard one or more words thrown out there in your years. Whether it was on TV or whether one of your best friends is Spanish, we want to see how much you've managed to pick up.
So, we're going to give you some pretty simple Spanish words and it'll be your job to tell us exactly what those words mean. Sometimes we'll tell you whether it's a noun or an adjective if it's a family member, a body of water or an occupation. You'll have to call on everything you might have heard in passing and try to correctly guess what the English meanings of these Spanish words are.
If you're ready to prove to us that you know some of the most basic Spanish words, let's get started on this quiz.
What does the Spanish adjective "lindo" mean?
Lindo is a masculine noun word for pretty or cute with the feminine counterpart, linda. In Old Spanish, the word initially meant pure or good and was possibly derived from the Latin word legitimus, meaning legitimate.
A person, what does "hombre" mean?
Hombre is a masculine noun which means man and is derived from the Latin word hominid. The Old Spanish variation of this word is omre which evolved from an earlier version, omne. As Latin transitioned to Spanish, the m-n sound slowly changed from m-n to m-r and then to m-b-r.
What liquid is "agua"?
Agua is a feminine noun meaning water. The word originated during the 10th century and evolved from the Vulgar Latin word, acqua. It was also used as a surname which was applied to families who lived near founts and other bodies of water.
What's the English translation for the word "gracias"?
Gracias is an interjection which translates to thanks or thank you. This word evolved from the Latin statement "gratias agere" meaning "to give thanks" or literally "to do thanks."
What do you think "feliz" means?
Feliz is an adjective which means happy. It emerged during the 13th century and evolved from the word "felicem," an accusative of felix. It is the origin of many names and surnames Feliz, Félez, Felices, Felies, Felis, Félix, San Félix, Santelices, Sanfelis and Sanfiz.
You must've seen this word somewhere. What does "vida" mean?
Vida is a feminine noun which means life. This 11th-century word evolved from the Latin word, vita which in turn was derived from either the Proto-Italic words wī́wita or wī́ta.
"Padre" is a male family member. Which one is it?
Padre is a masculine noun which translates to father. It is a 12th-century word which originated from the word patrem, an accusative of the Pro-Italic word pater.
Which of these English words does "amigo" represent?
Amigo is a masculine noun for friend with the feminine counterpart amiga, both of which are used as common surnames. The first documented reference for amigo was during the 12th century and amiga, in the 13th century.
What's the English word for "malo"?
Amigo is a masculine noun for friend with the feminine counterpart amiga, both which are used as common surnames. The first documented reference for amigo was during the 12th century and amiga, in the 13th century.
What does the Spanish adjective "grande" mean?
Grande is an adjective of unknown origin which means big, large or great. It is also a noun which means nobility or magnate and the origin of surnames Grande or Grandes. It also serves as the basis of the adjective grandioso.
The word "juego" is something you play. What does it actually mean?
Juego is a masculine noun which means game. It is derived from the 12th century Latin word iocus meaning joke or game. Iocus originated from the Proto-Italic word joko, and the latter evolved from the Proto-Indo-European word iok-o.
Which part of the face is the "ojo"?
Ojo is a masculine noun which translates to eye. This word transitioned from the Vulgar Latin word oculs, from the Latin oculus, from the Proto-Italic okelo and the Proto-Indo-European, h3okw.
What do you think "amor" means?
The word amor is a noun which translates to love or beloved. It derives from the Latin word amor, which is evolved from the verb amare (to love). It also serves as the basis for surnames such as Amor and Amores.
This word is close to its English meaning. What does "numero" represent?
Numero is a masculine noun which means number. This 15th-century word was taken from the Latin word numerus which replaced nombre, an Old Catalan word and earlier, from the Proto-Italic word nomero.
Can you tell us what "divertido" stands for?
Divertido is an adjective which means fun. It is derived from the root verb divertir which translates as "to amuse" or "to entertain." Divertir is a 16th-century word which originated from the Latin word divertere, meaning "to divert."
Which body part is the "mano"?
Mano is a feminine noun for the word hand which originated from the Latin word manus. Other variations of mano include muin (Old Irish), mind (Old Norse), máre (Ancient Greek), main (French), mãnã (Aromanian) and Manu (Sardinian).
Which of the following greetings best matches the word "hola"?
Hola is an interjection that translates to hello. This 16th-century word most likely evolved from the French word holà (stop there), which is a compound of ho (stop) and là (there).
What does the Spanish adjective "frio" mean?
Frio is a masculine adjective and noun which translates to cold and was derived from Old Spanish word frido. This 10th-century word also serves as the origin of a town called Frias located in the Spanish provinces of Burgos and Teruel.
Of all the days of the week, which of the following is "Lunes"?
Lunes translates as Monday, which was named in honor of the moon (luna and dies; moon's day). This word also serves as the origin of the surname Luna, indicating that a person came a town called Luna (located in the Spanish cities of Zaragoza Albacete, and Leon).
About how much time is a "mes"?
Mes is a masculine noun which means month. This 12th-century word emerged from the Latin word mensis, meaning moon or month. This, in turn, originated from the Proto-Italic word mēns.
What's the English word for "limpio"?
Limpio is an adjective which translates to clean. This 12th-century word evolved from the Late Latin word limpidus, which means clean but originally meant clear (most likely referred to liquids and water).
What kind of drink is "vino"?
Vino is a masculine noun which means wine. It is an 11th-century word which originated from the Latin word vinum, which in turn was borrowed from the Proto-Indo-European wīno.
This is not a good feeling. What does "enfermo" mean?
Enfermo is an adjective which means sick. This word has been around since the 11th century and was derived from the infirmus, which is a compound of in (not) and firmus (strong).
Which number does "ocho" represent?
The word ocho translates to eight. This word emerged sometime during the 13th century and was borrowed from the Latin version of eight, octo. The Proto-Italic word for eight is oktō.
A winged animal, which of these creatures is a "pollo"?
Pollo is a masculine noun which means chicken or rooster and, less commonly, boy. It is a 13th-century word which is derived from the Latin word pullus, meaning young animal or young bird.
What does the Spanish adjective "feo" mean?
Feo is an adjective which means ugly and dates back to the 12th century. This word owes its origin to the Latin word foedus, meaning loathsome or vile. It is also the root for surnames Feo and Feio.
"Hermana" is a family member, but which one?
Hermana is a feminine noun meaning sister with the masculine counterpart hermano meaning brother. This word dates back to the 11th century and comes from the Old Spanish word ermano.
Which of these professions is the word "medico"?
Medico as a noun means doctor and as an adjective refers to medical. This word goes back to the late 15th century and is derived from the Latin word medicus and mederi, meaning to heal.
Of all the flavors that exist, which one is "dulce"?
Dulce, when used as an adjective, refers to sweet, but as a noun means candy. The adjective sweet is the original definition, while the noun candy is more recent, though it may have been used in very ancient times.
Which of these bodies of water do you think a "rio" is?
Rio is a masculine noun which means river. This word has existed since the early 10th century and comes from the Vulgar Latin word, rius. It is also the origin of surnames such as del Río, Ríos, and Rioz and several other toponyms.
What's the English word for "pregunta"?
Pregunta is a feminine noun which translates to question. This word originated during the 12th century and evolved from the Vulgar Latin word præcuncta and præcunctare, the latter meaning to question (preguntar).
Which body part is the "cabeza"?
Cabeza is a feminine noun which translates to head. It is a 10th-century word which transitioned from the Vulgar Latin word, capitia. It is also the origin of the surname Cabezas, which was first used as a nickname for local leaders who were known for their intelligence.
This word can be measured in hours. What is it?
Día is a masculine noun which means day. This 10th-century word evolved from the Vulgar Latin word dia and the Latin word dies, originally dios. The days of the week such as Lunes end in dies (luna & dies; moon's day).
What kind of building is a "casa"?
Casa is a 10th-century word which means house. This word appears in the names of many Spanish-speaking villages around the world. It is also the origin of the Spanish surnames de la Casa, de las Casas, Casas, and Lacasa.
What does the Spanish adjective "viejo" mean?
Viejo, as an adjective, means old and as a noun, translates to old person. It is an 11th-century word which evolved from the Vulgar Latin word veclus and from the Latin word vetulus, the latter meaning a little old.
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