Chew on This: How much do you know about mouth ulcers?

Staff

What causes mouth ulcers?

All of these are possible causes of mouth ulcers.

Which of the following conditions is not known to cause mouth sores?

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Its symptoms include red, swollen and bleeding gums, but not mouth ulcers.

True or false: Canker sores are mouth ulcers.

True. Canker sores are mouth ulcers, and are also known as aphthous ulcerations.

How many people get canker sores?

About 20 percent -- one out of five -- get canker sores.

Name the three types of canker sores:

Canker sores are typed based on their size. The three types are minor, major and herpetiform.

Which is the most common type of canker sore?

Eighty percent of canker sores are minor sores, the most common type.

How big is a minor canker sore?

A minor canker sore may range from 1 millimeter to 10 millimeters in diameter but is most often smaller than 5 millimeters in diameter.

Which inflammatory disease is not associated with mouth sores?

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory condition that causes painful and stiff neck, shoulder, arm, hip and thigh muscles.

True or false: If left untreated, mouth ulcers will develop into oral cancer.

False. While some mouth ulcers may indicate cancer, most are harmless. If a sore does not heal after two weeks, it's always good policy to see your doctor.

What do mouth sores look like?

All of these are descriptions of mouth sores. Ulcers are typically shallow white or yellow sores encircled with red.

How long does it take a minor canker sore to heal?

Minor canker sores (as well as herpetiform ulcers) will generally heal on their own in about a week to 10 days.

What type of mouth sore prompted Emperor Tiberius to ban kissing during public ceremonies in ancient Rome?

Cold sores (fever blisters), sores that appear on the outside of the mouth, prompted Emperor Tiberius to ban kissing during public ceremonies. These sores are caused by the contagious herpes simplex virus.

How many Americans have had a cold sore at least once?

It's estimated that between 45 and 80 percent of Americans have had at least one cold sore.

In addition to cold sores, which of the following types of mouth ulcers are contagious?

Herpangina is a contagious virus that causes painful, white or white-grey mouth ulcers, and occurs most often in children.

What causes canker sores?

No one is sure of the exact cause yet, but all of these common problems have been linked with canker sores.

Where are canker sores usually found?

Canker sores are found on the soft tissues inside of the mouth: the inside of the cheeks and lips and on the tongue.

What is the most common treatment for mouth ulcers?

Mouth ulcers generally tend to heal on their own, but coricosteroids (often delivered via mouthwash) may help to speed up the process. Topical pain relievers may help reduce the pain during healing.

Both candidiasis and leukoplakia cause white patches to form in the mouth. Which one is caused by mouth irritation?

Leukoplakia is a condition where thick white lesions appear on the gums, tongue or inside of the cheeks. It's caused by irritation, such as poorly-fitting dental work, and is most commonly diagnosed in tobacco users, whereas candidiasis is caused by yeast overgrowth.

A deficiency in which vitamins and minerals may be associated with mouth ulcers?

A deficiency in some B vitamins (including folic acid), iron and zinc may be a risk factor in developing mouth ulcers.

Which common over-the-counter product is also a good remedy for relieving the pain of mouth ulcers?

Liquid antacid may encourage healing when it's applied directly to the mouth sore.

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Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

It's sore, white and growing on the inside of your cheek. Do you know which mouth sores are contagious and which aren't, and if you're at risk? Find out in our mouth ulcer quiz!

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