A Racist Regime: The Nazi Germany Quiz

By: Staff

What was the Nazi Party first called?

The German Workers' Party was the precursor to the Nazi Party and championed a right-wing ideology.

True or false: The Nazi rise to power brought an end to the Weimar Republic.

The Nazis ended the Weimar Republic, a parliamentary democracy established in Germany after World War I.

When was Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany?

Hitler became German chancellor on Jan. 30, 1933, creating a Nazi regime that deprived most Germans of their basic rights.

What name did Hitler use for the single leader with complete power whom he said should control the German state?

According to the "fuhrer principle," Hitler stood outside the legal state and determined matters of policy himself.

What is the book Hitler wrote that outlined his political ideas of German nationalism, anti-Semitism and anti-Bolshevism?

Hitler wrote volume one of "<i>Mein Kampf</i>" ("My Struggle") while serving time for high treason for attempting to overthrow local authorities in Munich in 1923.

What was the Nazi Party's main instrument for undermining democracy and facilitating Adolf Hitler's rise to power?

The SA (<i>Sturmabteilung</i> or Storm Troopers), a paramilitary unit of the Nazi Party, was a propaganda arm that became known for its strong arm tactics of street brawling and terror from 1923 until 1934.

Nazi foreign policy was guided by the belief that Germany was destined to do what?

Both of these notions and extensive propaganda were used to spread the regime's goals and ideals, including aggressively encouraging "racially pure" women to bear as many "Aryan" children as possible.

What were the Nuremberg laws?

Hitler announced the Nuremberg laws in 1935. These laws stripped Jews of their civil rights as German citizens and separated them from Germans legally, socially and politically.

What Nazi law defined being Jewish as a race instead of a religion?

Jews were defined as a separate race under the "Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor." This law forbade marriages or sexual relations between Jews and Germans.

When did the Nazis establish the first concentration camp?

In 1933, the Nazi regime established the first concentration camp at Dachau in Germany. Nazis used it to imprison political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and other "enemies of the state."

What was the first stationary facility the Nazis built where poison gas was used for mass murder of Jews?

The SS (the <i>Schutzstaffel</i>) and police authorities established the Chelmno killing center in Poland to annihilate the Jewish population of the Wartheland, including the inhabitants of the Lodz ghetto.

How many people are thought to have been killed by the SS at Chelmno?

The SS killed at least 152,000 people at Chelmno between December 1941 and March 1943 and from June-July 1944. Seven Jews are known to have escaped.

During the Holocaust, how did the Nazis segregate Jews from the rest of the population?

The creation of ghettos was a key step in the Nazi process of separating, persecuting and ultimately destroying Europe's Jews.

True or false: The largest ghetto in Poland was the Warsaw ghetto.

More than 400,000 Jews were crowded into an area of 1.3 square miles in the Warsaw ghetto.

True or false: Beginning in late 1941, the Germans destroyed the ghettos.

With the implementation of the Hitler's "Final Solution," the Nazis destroyed the ghettos and either shot the residents in mass graves located nearby or deported them to killing centers.

What was the last major ghetto destroyed by the Nazis?

In August 1944, German SS and police completed the destruction of the last major ghetto in Lodz, Poland.

Who issued the ordinance requiring Jews wear the Star of David?

In 1939, Gen. Governor Hans Frank issued the ordinance requiring Jews age 10 and older to wear the Star of David. The law made the identification of Jews easier when the Nazis began establishing ghettos.

Before opening Chelmno, what other types of killing methods did the Nazis use for the mass murder of Jews?

Mobile units of the Security Police and SS Security Service known as <i>Einsatzgruppen</i> killed victims by mass shootings and buried them in unmarked mass graves. Later, the bodies were dug up and burned to cover evidence of what had occurred.

In some ghettos, members of Jewish resistance movements staged armed uprisings. What was the largest?

The Warsaw ghetto uprising, which began April 19, 1943, was the largest and most important Jewish uprising in German-occupied Europe.

True or false: The Warsaw ghetto uprising between the SS and the Jewish resistance lasted seven days.

The Jewish Fighting Organization (ZOB) led the insurgency and battled the SS and Nazi police units for a month, hiding in bunkers and using weapons smuggled in from outside.

Which concentration camp was the largest established by the Nazis?

The Auschwitz concentration camp complex was the largest of its kind established by the Nazi regime. It included three main camps, all of which used prisoners for forced labor.

Who became known as the "Angel of Death" at Auschwitz?

Dr. Josef Mengele was known as the "Angel of Death" because of his cruel demeanor during "selection duty" — determining who would work and who would die immediately in the gas chambers.

How many victims are estimated to have been killed by the Nazis at the Auschwitz concentration camp between 1940 and 1945?

It is estimated that close to 1.1 million people were murdered at the Auschwitz concentration camp, including 960,000 Jews, 74,000 Poles, 21,000 Roma, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war and 12,000 people of other nationalities.

What army finally liberated Auschwitz from the Nazis in 1945?

On Jan. 27, 1945, the Soviet army entered Auschwitz, Birkenau and Monowitz and liberated around 7,000 prisoners, most of whom were ill and dying.

True or false: Before the Soviet liberation, the SS forced nearly 60,000 prisoners to march west from the Auschwitz camp system.

Prisoners suffered from the cold, starvation and exposure, and guards shot anyone who fell behind or could not continue. As many as 15,000 prisoners died during the evacuation marches from Auschwitz and the subcamps.

Many individuals used their personal influence to rescue or shelter Jews during the Holocaust. What Swedish diplomat helped save hundreds of thousands of Hungarian Jews in 1944?

Raoul Wallenberg distributed certificates of protection issued by the Swedish legation to Jews in Budapest, Hungary, that gave them protection from a neutral country.

In 1993, the United States Holocaust Memorial Council posthumously presented this man with the museum's Medal of Remembrance.

The council presented the honor to Oskar Schindler for facilitating the survival of more than 1,000 Jews in Nazi-occupied Poland.

True or false: Gen. Dwight Eisenhower insisted villagers view horrors of the concentration camps.

Shocked by what the Allied troops saw when liberating the concentration camps, Gen. Eisenhower insisted villagers neighboring the death and concentration camps to view what had occurred in their own backyards.

True or false: Hitler went on trial in Nuremburg, Germany, in November 1945 after a complete surrender by the Nazis earlier that year.

On Nov. 20, 1945, the International Military Tribunal against 24 leading Nazi officials began at Nuremberg, Germany. Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler and Joseph Goebbels never stood trial, having committed suicide before the end of the war.

How many of the defendants in that trial were sentenced to death?

Twelve of the defendants were sentenced to death, including Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hans Frank, Alfred Rosenberg and Julius Streicher. They were hanged and cremated in Dachau.

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Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

As unpleasant as it might be, take a glimpse into the past of Nazi Germany, and test your memory of the buildup to one of history's most recent atrocities.

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