Ever since the game of baseball was invented by New Yorker Abner Doubleday in 1839, the sport has been played by many and watched by millions more. It is a bat-and-ball game which is played between two opposing teams (consisting of catchers, infielders, outfielders, pitchers etc) who take turns batting and fielding.
In every sport, there are athletes who stand out not only because of their love of the game, but also because of their abilities. These gifted players have not only made a name for themselves, but many of them have played crucial roles in securing the win for their teams.
Some of the greatest stars include Babe Ruth, Barry Bonds, Ty Cobb, Lou Gehrig, Cy Young, Joe DiMaggio, Mike Schmidt and Jackie Robinson, all of whom have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, been named All-Stars, won World Series Championships and been named Most Valuable Player.
How well do you know your Major League Baseball legends? If you were given images of some of the greats, would you be able to identify them or even identify some of the records that they have accomplished? If you would like to test your knowledge, then this tricky quiz is one that you should definitely take!
Robert Gibson (1935 -) is a retired American baseball pitcher who spent 17 seasons playing for the St. Louis Cardinals in the MLB. He is a 9-time All-Star, 2-time World Series Champion, 2-time Cy Young Award winner and he is one of the first players to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility.
Walter Perry Johnson (1887 – 1946), whose nicknames include “The Big Train” and “Barney”, was a right-handed pitcher who played for 21 seasons for the Washington Senators, the team where he later served as manager. The Hall-of-Famer has set many records, some of which are still unbroken, including the all-time career leader in shutouts.
Steve Norman Carlton (1944 - ), sometimes called “Lefty," is an American retired left-handed Major League Baseball pitcher who played for several teams between 1965 and 1988, but it was when he played for the Philadelphia Phillies that he won four Cy Young Awards. In 1994, he was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Michael Jack Schmidt (1949 - ) is an American former professional third baseman who played 17 seasons in the MLB for the Philadelphia Phillies. Throughout his career, he has won the National League MVP three times, hit 548 home runs, and he was also a twelve-time All-Star.
Frank Robinson (1935 -) is an American former professional baseball player and manager who is known for playing for multiple teams between 1956 and 1976. He is the only player to win league MVP honors in both the National and American leagues. He has also won the Triple Crown, won the World Series as a member of two teams, and is a Hall of Fame inductee.
Mickey Charles Mantle (1931 – 1995), was an American professional baseball player who played his entire 18-year MLB career for the New York Yankees. He has often been called one of the greatest switch hitters in the history of the sport and was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1994 and elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999.
Tristam Edgar Speaker (1888 – 1958) who is often called “The Grey Eagle," was an American baseball player who is considered to be one of the best offensive center fielders in the MLB. His career batting average is sixth overall, his hits are fifth in the all-time hit list and his 792 career doubles are a record.
George Herman “Babe” Ruth Jr. (1895 – 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career lasted for 22 seasons where he played for the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees. He was responsible for establishing many batting records and is regarded as one of the greatest sports heroes in American culture.
Eddie Mathews (1931 – 2001) was an American third baseman who played 17 seasons for multiple teams, including the Boston Braves, the Detroit Tigers and the Atlanta Braves. He has won the National League home run title twice, hit 512 home runs during his career and was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1978.
Pedro Jamie Martinez (1971 - ) is a Dominican-American former starting pitcher who played for many different teams between 1992 and 2009, most notably the Boston Red Sox. From 2002 to 2006, he held the major league record for highest career winning percentage by a pitcher and he is also an eight-time All-Star.
Henry Louis Gehrig (1903 – 1941), whose nickname is “the Iron Horse," was an a first baseman who played a total of 17 seasons for the New York Yankees. He has been an All-Star seven consecutive times, a member of Six World series champion teams and had a batting average of .340.
Theodore Samuel Williams (1918 – 2002), was a left fielder who spent 19 years playing for the Boston Red Sox. During his career, the Hall of Famer received the American League MVP award twice and been named All-Star 19 times.
Rogers Hornsby Sr. (1896 - 1963), was an infielder who spent 23 seasons in the MLB, where he also served as manager and coach. His career batting average is second only to Ty Cobb with .358 and he was also inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1942.
George Kenneth Griffey Jr. (1969 -) whose nicknames include “The Kid” and “Junior” is a retired American baseball player who spent 22 years playing in the MLB. He has been called one of the most prolific home run hitters in the history of the game, ranking 6th-most overall. The Hall of Famer has also won 13 All-Star Awards and 10 Golden Glove Awards.
Johannes Pete “Honus” Wagner (1874 – 1955), was an American baseball shortstop who spent most of his 21 season in the MLB playing for the Pittsburgh Pirates. He was one of the first five members inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame and he has also won 8 batting titles, a record which remains unbroken, but matched.
William Roger Clemens (1962 - ), whose nickname is “Rocket” is a retired pitcher who played 24 seasons for four different teams. During his career, he has won 7 Cy Young Awards, 11 All-Star Awards as well as being a 2-time World Series champion.
Derek Sanderson Jeter (1974 -), is a former shortstop who spent his 20-year career playing for the New York Yankees, where he won 5 World Series Championships. He holds many records with the team, as well as winning 5 Golden Gloves, and he is currently ranked 6th in hits and firsts among shortstops in the MLB.
Calvin Edwin Ripken Jr. (1960 - ), who has been given the nickname “The Iron Man” is a former baseball shortstop and third baseman who played 21 seasons for the Baltimore Orioles. During his career, he was a 19-time All Star, a 2-time American League MVP and he currently holds the record for consecutive games played at 2,632.
Edward Trowbridge Collins Sr. (1887 – 1951), was a player and manager who played as a second baseman in the MLB from 1906 to 1930. The Hall of Famer is a 6-time World Series champion and he also holds many league records in several categories.
Peter Edward Rose (1941 - ) is a retired player and manager who played for 23 years as a switch hitter. He has won 3 World Series rings, two Gold Gloves, 1 MVP award and his number was retired with the Cincinnati Reds.
Willie Howard Mays Jr. (1931 - ), is a retired American center fielder who spent 22 seasons playing for teams including the New York/San Francisco Giants and the New York Mets. The Hall of Famer has won 2 National League MVP awards, 12 Golden Glove Awards and he is 1 of 5 players to have eight consecutive 100-RBI seasons.
Alexander Emmanuel Rodriguez (1975 - ), is a retired American professional baseball shortstop and third baseman who played for 22 seasons in the MLB. He is a 14-time All-Star, a 10-time Slugger Award winner, a 3-time MVP award winner and he is the career record holder for grand slams.
Tyrus Raymond Cobb (1886 – 1961), who was often called “The Georgia Peach," was an outfielder who spent 22 seasons playing for the Detroit Tigers. During his career, he was credited with setting 90 MLB records, one of which is having a combined total of 4,065 runs scored and runs batted in.
Johnny Lee Bench (1947 -) is a retired catcher who played for the Cincinnati Reds between 1967 and 1983. The Hall-of-Famer is a 14-time All-Star winner, a 2-time World Series Champion and he has been called the greatest catcher in the history of the game by ESPN.
Joseph Paul DiMaggio (1914 – 1999), whose nicknames included “Joltin’ Joe” and ”the Yankee Clipper," was a center fielder who spent his entire 13-year career playing for the New York Yankees. He is a three-time MVP Award, an All-Star in each of the 13 seasons that he played, and he won 9 World Series Championships with his team.
Barry Lamar Bonds (1964 - ) is a retired left fielder who played 22 seasons with the Pittsburgh Pirates and the San Francisco Giants. The 14-time All-Star has won 8 Gold Glove Awards, 12 Silver Slugger Awards and he is currently the hitting coach for the Miami Marlins.
Joe Leonard Morgan (1943 - ) is a retired American Major League Baseball second batsman who played for over 21 years. He won two World Series championships with the Cincinnati Reds, 5 Golden Glove Awards and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1990.
George Thomas Seaver (1944 - ) is a retired MLB pitcher who played for four different teams from 1967 to 1986. During his career, he won the Cy Young Award 3 times, the All-Star Award 12 times, and won the World Series championship in 1969.
George Howard Brett (1953 - ) is a retired American third baseman who played for 21 years in the MLB for the Kansas City Royals. The Hall of Famer is one of four players to accumulate 3,000 hits, 300 home runs and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1999. He is the only player in history, to have won a batting title in 3 different decades.
Jimmie Foxx (1907 – 1967), was a first baseman who played for 20 seasons in the MLB. He is the second player in MLB history to hit 500 career home runs and held the record for being the youngest person to do so for 68 years. He has won 3 MVP awards and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1951.
Lynn Nolan Ryan Jr. (1947 - ), is a former MLB pitcher who is best known for having a record 27-year career where he played for four different teams. The Hall of Famer is an 8-time All-Star, a World Series Champion and he is currently the executive adviser to the owner of the Houston Astros.
Ricky Nelson Henderson (1958 - ) is a retired left fielder who played for 9 teams from 1979 to 2003. He holds several records and he has also won the World Series championship twice and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009.
Randall David Johnson (1963 - ), often called “The Big Unit”, is a retired pitcher who spent 22 season playing for 6 teams. He holds 5 of the 7 highest single season strikeout totals by a left-hander. He has won the Cy Young Award five times, was named as an All-Star 10-times and won the World Series championship in 2001.
Melvin Thomas Ott (1909 – 1958) was an American professional right fielder who played for the New York Giants from 1926 to 1947. The Hall of Famer was an All-Star for 11 consecutive seasons and he was also the first National League Player to surpass 500 career home runs.
Christy Mathewson (1880 – 1925), who has been given the nickname “Big Six," was a right-handed pitcher who played 17 seasons with the New York Giants. He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of the first 5 members and was best known for winning the World Series twice.
Gregory Alan Maddux (1966 - ), who has been called “Mad Dog” is a retired pitcher who spent 22 years playing for 6 different teams. He is the first person in history to win the Cy Young Award four consecutive years in a row. He is also a World Series champion, and an 8-time All-Star who was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Denton True “Cy” Young (1867 – 1955) was an American MLB pitcher who spent 22 seasons playing for 5 different teams. He compiled a record of 511 wins and was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. A year after his death, the Cy Young Award was created to honor pitchers.
Hank Aaron (1934 - ), who had been given the nickname “Hammer," is a retired right fielder who played for 21 season for the Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves, where he currently serves as the senior vice president. He held the record for career home runs for 33 years and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972
Roberto Enrique Clemente Walker (1934 – 1972), was a Puerto Rican right fielder who played 18 seasons for the Pittsburgh Pirates. He is a 15-time All-Star, 2-time World Series Champion and he was also the first Latin American and Caribbean player to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Stanley Frank Musial (1920 – 2013) was an outfielder who spent 22 seasons playing for the St. Louis Cardinals. He was a first-ballot Hall of Fame inductee, a 3-time World Series champion, a 24-time All Star and his number has been retired by his former team.