Can You Name All of These Historical Bigwigs From an Image?

By: Craig

Albert Einstein is the most famous physicist ever to grace the planet earth. Born in Germany in 1879, Einstein is most well know for the Theory of Relativity, expressed as the famous equation E = mc2.

Together with his brother Wilbur, Orville Wright, a bicycle shop owner built the first motorized aircraft that flew at Kitty Hawk in December 1903. He is credited with the first flight.

Isaac Newton, born in England in 1642, is considered one of the greatest scientists of all time and was involved in many fields, including mathematics and astronomy amongst others. His greatest claim to fame is the discovery of the concept of gravity.

Perhaps the world's greatest humanitarian, Mother Teresa was born in Macedonia but spent most of her life in India. A member of the Catholic Church, she founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950, who helped the sick and dying around the world while also establishing schools and orphanages among others. She received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Louis Pasteur contributed much to the world of science. Born in France in 1822, he not only developed vaccinations for rabies, anthrax, TB and cholera but he also invented the process of pasteurization which destroys dangerous bacteria through heat.

We can thank this Scottish-born scientist for the birth of the telephone which was first patented in 1876. Bell also was the founder of AT&T. Strangely enough, Bell chose not to have a telephone in his own office. He worked in many other fields of science as well.

Born in 1473, German Nicolaus Copernicus is credited with determining that the sun was the center of our solar system and that the Earth and other planets orbited it. This is commonly called the heliocentric solar system. Before, people believed the Earth to be the center of our solar system.

Although he was not the prime minister of England at the outbreak of World War II, Winston Churchill took the position in May 1940 following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain. In Churchill, the English people found a leader that inspired them. His legendary speeches during the war roused the nation, lifted spirits and showed that Britain would not roll over for Germany like much of Europe had.

Adolf Hitler rose to power on the back of the struggles of the German people after World War I. Together with his Nazi party henchmen, he slowly took control of German politics and was appointed Chancellor in 1933. His ideal, that Germans were a chosen people, pushed his nationalist agenda and soon, his antics of reclaiming German territory and invading resource-rich areas of Europe led to World War II.

The 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas on 22 November 1963 by Lee Harvey Oswald. Kennedy is remembered for handling numerous crises during the Cold War when tensions with the Soviet Union were high. This included the Cuban Missile Crisis, in which Soviet missile bases were found in Cuba.

Henry Ford, who started the Ford Motor Company is credit with bringing the automobile to the ordinary citizens of the United States. By using interchangeable parts and introducing a production line, Ford made his cars, particularly the Model T, extremely affordable. Over 15 million were sold from 1908 to 1927.

Italian explorer Christopher Columbus undertook four journeys from Spain across the Atlantic Ocean with the financial backing of the Spanish monarchy. He is credited with discovering America in 1492, although this is always debated.

As one of the seven founding fathers, Benjamin Franklin was crucial in the birth of America as a nation. He played a massive part in the formation of the Declaration of Independence as well as in drawing up the Constitution of the United States. Franklin, however, was also a scientist, diplomat, inventor and printer among other talents.

Da Vinci was born in Italy in 1452. He is renowned not only as a Renaissance artist but as an incredible inventor with designs for model machinery such as tanks, gliders and even helicopters. His greatest works include the Mona Lisa as well as the Last Supper.

When George W. Bush became president in 2001, he was the second son to follow his father's footsteps as the president of the United States. George's father, George H.W. Bush, was president from 1988 to 1992. The first father and son pair was John Quincy Adams and his son, John Adams, who served in the 1800s. George W. Bush's other claim to fame is his fight against terrorism, with the War on Terror leading to American invasions in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Perhaps the most famous political prisoner of all time, Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for a period of 27 years by South African authorities for his fight against apartheid. He was released in 1990 and went on to become the first president of a united, democratic South Africa.

Martin Lurther King Jr., a minister, was considered the voice of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s. King pushed for equality through non-violence and civil disobedience. He was assassinated in 1968 by James Earl Ray. He was 39 years old.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is considered to be one of the greatest composers that ever lived. He was born in Germany in 1756 and died aged just 35 in 1791.

Born in Warsaw in 1867, Marie Curie lived for much of her life in France. A chemist and physicist, she won two Nobel prizes, the first in the field of physics in 1903 and the second in the field of chemistry in 1911. She is particularly remembered for her work in the atomic field and with radioactivity in particular.

Recognized as one of the world's foremost inventors, Thomas Edison is credited with a number of inventions that helped change the world. These included the phonograph, light bulb and distribution of electricity to name a few. During his lifetime, he filed over 1000 patents.

For those who love reading, a debt of gratitude is owed to German-born Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the printing press. His invention made it far easier to produce books and helped to improve education levels throughout Europe.

A military leader who became the ruler of France, Napoleon was without peer on the battlefield. He became the ruler of France in 1804 and led the country to military victory after military victory. He was eventually defeated at the Battle of Waterloo and later died on the island of St Helena, but not before trying to regain power for a final time in France but failing.

A noted politician and leader of Rome, Julius Caesar was born in 100 BC. Under his rule, Rome flourished, conquering lands right throughout Europe into Germany and across the English Channel to Britain. He was eventually assassinated in 44 BC, when he was stabbed 23 times.

Inventor Nikola Tesla was born in Austria in 1856 and moved to the United States in 1884. He went on to invent many things including the induction motor, Tesla coil, alternating current, X-rays, remote control and more. Many believe Tesla also invented ways to harness electricity for free but was stopped before he could implement it.

One of the founding fathers of the United States of America, George Washington also served as its first president. He also had an excellent military mind and served as the leader of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Born in 1869, Mahatma Gandhi was a human rights activist, primarily fighting British oppression in India through civil disobedience and non-violent means. He died in 1948, assassinated by Nathuram Godse.

The most acclaimed playwright of all time, Shakespeare was born in England in 1564. During his lifetime he wrote 34 plays as well as 154 sonnets.

Naturalist Charles Darwin's biggest claim to fame is the fact that he proposed the Theory of Evolution, the idea that all of earth's creatures evolved from common ancestors. Darwin traveled the world, studying nature in a number of diverse areas. His book, The Origin of the Species was a result of years of research.

Born in 1564 in Italy, Galileo Galilei worked as a physicist, astronomer, mathematician and engineer. He discovered that the earth revolves around the sun, made studies of the moon and determined that it existed of craters and mountains and even studied the moons of Jupiter.

Born in 1955, Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, the largest computer company on the planet, is one of the richest men in the world. Gates is a philanthropist and donates large parts of his fortune toward charities, aid efforts and other ventures.

The co-founder of Apple, Steve Jobs was born in 1955. Jobs went on to help establish Apple as one of the biggest tech companies in the world and was responsible for many innovations such as the iPhone and iPod for example. Jobs died in 2011 as a result of a respiratory problem linked to an incurable tumor.

The father of the Russian Revolution, Vladimir Lenin led the USSR from 1917 to 1924 after the Bolsheviks claimed control. Lenin died in 1924 and his body was put on public display and still can be seen to this day.

Stalin took control of the USSR after the death of Lenin. Effectively a dictator, Stalin killed millions of his own people by forcing them to work in work camps, through forced resettlements of those in opposition to him. Stalin died in 1954.

A chief of the Hunkpapa Lakota tribe, Sitting Bull defeated George Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn. After the surrender of his people, Sitting Bull joined Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. He was shot dead on a reservation after authorities tried to arrest him, fearing he would join the Ghost Dance movement.

Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon. He made his first steps on 20 July 1969 and spoke the famous line, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

It all came down to a seat on the bus, and Rosa Parks, a civil rights activist, was not prepared to give it up, even though the laws of the land said she could not sit in it. This incident happened in Alabama in 1955, and Parks went onto be known as the "mother of the civil rights movement."

Born in 1818 in Germany, Karl Marx was a prominent philosopher and is recognized as the father of communism on which he published "The Communist Manifesto" and "Das Kapital."

The 37th president of the United States and the only one to ever resign from office, Richard Nixon served from 1969 to 1974. He was brought down by the Watergate scandal.

Considered to be one of the most influential popes of the Catholic church, John Paul II was in office from 1978 to 2005. He visited 129 different countries during this time.

A simple peasant girl, Joan of Arc believed God had chosen her to lead France and her armies against England. She helped break the siege of the city of Orleans but was captured by allies of the English and burned at the stake for witchcraft. She is a saint of the Catholic church.

Explore More Quizzes

Image: Vilma Lwoff-Parlaghy

About This Quiz

History is a fascinating subject, and I am sure it's one that you love!

Looking back into our past can teach us so much. It can even help influence our future. Over time, there have been so many people who have had a profound impact on history, each in their own way.

For example, just by sitting in a seat on a bus she was not meant to, a brave lady stood up for civil rights for her people. And what would have happened if on that fateful day, the assassin's bullet did not strike the skull of the 35th President of the United States?

Perhaps you remember when the world's most famous astronaut set foot on the moon and spoke those famous words. What about ancient history. Do you know the most famous playwright in the world? Or the U.S. Cavalry leader who died at the Battle of Little Big Horn? Or two American folk heroes who lost their lives defending the Alamo fort in Texas?

And history has even thrown up evil men from time to time. Do you know the Nazi leader who effectively started World War II or the leader of the USSR who murdered millions of his own people?

If you know the answer to these questions, then our tough history quiz should prove to be a breeze for you. Why not give it a try and aim to be among the 1 in 23 people who can get all the answers. Good Luck!

About HowStuffWorks Play

How much do you know about dinosaurs? What is an octane rating? And how do you use a proper noun? Lucky for you, HowStuffWorks Play is here to help. Our award-winning website offers reliable, easy-to-understand explanations about how the world works. From fun quizzes that bring joy to your day, to compelling photography and fascinating lists, HowStuffWorks Play offers something for everyone. Sometimes we explain how stuff works, other times, we ask you, but we’re always exploring in the name of fun! Because learning is fun, so stick with us!