The Romance languages are the family that derive from Classical Latin. It's important to note that they are not called the Romance languages because they are romantic, though certainly some of them (Italian in particular) do lend themselves especially well to the arts of romance. They actually get their names from being derived from languages spoken by Romans. The word "romance" with a small "r" has the same origin, as it meant a verse written in the vernacular - that is, the Romance languages - as opposed to in Latin. The meaning only morphed later on to refer specifically to a certain sort of love or love story. So Romance came first, and romance later!
The Romance languages are found all over Europe, and due to later empires, now all over the world. The fullest extent of the Western Roman Empire left a legacy behind it that was carried by these civilizations to the corners of the globe. This means that the Romance languages are among the most-spoken on the planet. There are also Eastern Romance languages, though none of them originally extended outside Europe. The happy result of this is that if you learn a single one of them, picking up a second or third will get a lot easier - and if you know Latin, then arguably you already know a little piece of each! How well do you remember them?
Romanian is the closest linguistically, though it is less similar to the other Romance languages than they are to each other.
A billion people speak a Romance language.
English is not a Romance language, though it borrows heavily from all of them.
The Iberian peninsula contains all these countries, as anyone who has flown Iberian Airlines probably knows.
Spanish is spoken by around 500 million people, or 47% of Romance speakers.
English gets words from all over the place. It doesn't discriminate!
Moldovan is also a Romance language, but Romanian is spoken there.
France was the Roman province of Gaul, hence French things are referred to as Gallic.
Surprisingly, Venetian is also a Gallic language, as well as Norman and French.
You say it when you use English, after all! Just add an S (usually) and you have yourself a plural.
German has masculine, feminine and neuter. Romance languages have two genders: masculine and feminine.
Subject, verb, object is the common structure in Romance languages, as well as English. For example, "I wrote the note."
There is some disagreement, but broadly the Romance languages do not count negatives and pair them up to cancel each other out the way English does.
Latin only had one "you," but a number of Romance languages have two. For example the French informal "tu" versus the formal "vous".
Brazil has many languages but Portuguese is the biggest.
It's not a hard and fast rule, but most neuter Latin words ended up being masculine.
Most of the Romance languages are bunched up around the Mediterranean coast, but Romanian is off in Eastern Europe carrying the flag for the linguistic group!
Have and be are the two main helping verbs in the Romance languages. That means they help other verbs to create other tenses, eg "it was written" or "I am doing".
French, Italian, Romanian, Portuguese and Spanish/Castilian are all Romance languages with national status.
Romance languages come from the Romans!
Classical Latin is the written word. Vulgar or Popular Latin is how people actually spoke.
Britannia was a Roman colony for a while, but Vulgar Latin never really made it over. It was considered a terrible assignment by the Romans that you only took if you couldn't get a better one in eg Gaul (France), which is probably why not too many Romans wanted to live there.
German comes from a different linguistic family tree, but English, Maltese and Albanian are all considered semi-Romantic.
Art, legal, and war (guerre/guerra etc) are all basically the same in all four languages. January, however, sounds totally different in each.
Spanish is heavily influenced by Latin, but also by Arabic due to the Moorish period when it was an Islamic country.
All Romance languages are Indo-European. There are up to 147 language groups in the world. Indo-European is one of the biggest.
Portuguese is the second most widely-spoken Romance language, with 26% of speakers.
There's no right answer here. You might choose to learn the one that comes easiest, which is usually the one most similar to your native tongue. Alternatively, you might learn the one that is most likely to be useful, the one that the highest number of your your friends speak, or the one that you like most.
The Romance languages only represent a small fraction of the total Indo-European family, but they are among the most widely-spoken.
Romance languages began to appear after the Roman Empire fell around the year 400 AD.
K, W, and Y were not added to Portuguese until 2009. People had been using them before that, but they were not officially included.
Portuguese is spoken in many countries including Angola and Mozambique in Africa.
Romanian is only spoken by a few million people, representing 4% of the total number of Romance speakers.
Since hardly anybody was literate, Latin didn't have spellings, just words that you could write down however you liked.
Male and female actually do not have the same etymological root. Masculus is the origin of "male," having made it through the Romance languages before hopping to English.