The Second Amendment Quiz

Staff

The Second Amendment is part of what document?

The Second Amendment to the Constitution is found in the Bill of Rights.

What right does the Second Amendment protect?

The Second Amendment protects the right to keep and bear arms.

When was the Second Amendment ratified?

The Second Amendment with the Bill of Rights was ratified by a three-fourths majority of the original 13 states on Dec. 15, 1791.

The Second Amendment only applies to a militia and not to individuals.

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Second Amendment provides an individual the right to possess a firearm for lawful purposes such as self-defense.

Who was the author of the Bill of Rights?

James Madison wrote the first drafts of the Constitution, co-authored the Federalist Papers and drafted the Bill of Rights. Madison later served as the fourth president of the United States.

When was the first federal gun control law passed?

The National Firearms Act (NFA) of 1934 became the first federal gun control law in the U.S. The law levies taxes on the production and sale of certain weapons and created a national registry for gun sales.

Where is the original Bill of Rights document kept?

The original federal government copy of the Bill of Rights is kept with the Constitution and Declaration of Independence in the rotunda of the National Archives Building in Washington D.C.

What are the first words of the Second Amendment?

The Second Amendment to the Constitution begins with the words, "A well regulated Militia…"

The widespread use of the Thompson submachine gun in organized crime prompted which legislation?

The National Firearms Act of 1934 was spurred on by the use of the Thompson submachine gun. The weapon, nicknamed the "Tommy gun," was used in the infamous 1929 Valentine's Day massacre.

Which U.S. organization advocates for Second Amendment rights?

The National Rifle Association is the U.S. organization that advocates for Second Amendment rights.

According to the Congressional Research Service, how many privately-owned guns are there in America?

The Congressional Research Service has reported that there are more than 300 million privately-owned guns in the U.S.

Which legislation required the licensing of interstate gun dealers?

The National Firearms Act of 1938 required the licensing of interstate gun dealers. The law also prohibited the sale of firearms to individuals charged with or convicted of violent crimes.

Which U.S. President signed the National Firearms Acts into law?

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Firearms Acts into law in 1934 and 1938. Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States, serving from 1933 to 1945.

Which entity regulates the licensing, sale, possession and transportation of firearms and ammunition?

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) regulates the licensing, sale, possession and transportation of firearms and ammunition.

The Second Amendment protects unlimited rights to gun ownership by U.S. citizens.

Despite the Second Amendment saying, "…shall not be infringed," there are limitations on gun ownership that are widely considered to be constitutional.

Which 1939 U.S. Supreme Court case led to a collective rights approach to the Second Amendment by the court?

The Supreme Court took a collective rights approach via the case of the United States v. Miller.

What type of firearm was at the heart of the 1939 Supreme Court case of the United States v. Miller?

The firearm involved in the United States v. Miller Supreme Court case was an unlicensed sawed-off shotgun transported from Oklahoma to Arkansas.

Why was the National Rifle Association originally founded?

The National Rifle Association was founded in 1871 by Union veterans Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate. According to an editorial written by Church, the primary goal of the organization was to "promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis."

Which legislation prohibited the sale of firearms to all convicted felons and raised the legal age of handgun purchases to 21?

The Gun Control Act of 1968 prohibited all convicted felons, drug users and the mentally ill from purchasing or possessing firearms. The law also raised the legal age of handgun purchase to 21.

What event led to the creation of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993?

James Brady was the White House press secretary who was shot in the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan. Brady, who was permanently disabled, lobbied successfully for more stringent handgun laws.

The Firearm Owners Protection Act of 1986 limited the ATF from inspecting gun dealers more than once a year.

The 1986 law passed by Congress limited ATF gun dealer inspections to once a year. The law also prohibited the creation of a national gun ownership registry.

The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 resulted in a federal ban of new semi-automatic assault weapons for how many years?

The ban on the manufacture of semi-automatic assault weapons and high capacity magazines was for 10 years. By 2004, the ban had run its course and was not renewed by Congress.

Which right is guaranteed by the Second Amendment?

The right for a law-abiding citizen to own a handgun for self-defense is guaranteed by the Second Amendment.

Which U.S. Supreme Court case signified a change in philosophy regarding the Second Amendment?

The 2008 case of the District of Columbia v. Heller signified a change in Second Amendment philosophy to the rights of individuals.

The District of Columbia v. Heller case of 2008 overturned a ban on what?

The 2008 Supreme Court decision determined that the Washington D.C. ban on handguns was unconstitutional.

What was the margin of victory in the District of Columbia v. Heller Supreme Court case?

The margin of victory in the U.S. Supreme Court case the District of Columbia v. Heller was 5 in favor and 4 against.

How long did Washington D.C. have a handgun ban in place?

The Washington D.C. statute banning handguns had been in place for 32 years.

Which U.S. city lost a 2010 U.S. Supreme Court decision, which overturned a citywide handgun ban?

In the 2010 case McDonald v. City of Chicago, the Supreme Court ruled against a citywide ban on handguns.

In the U.S., convicted felons forfeit their Second Amendment right.

The federal government passed laws in 1934 and 1968 that prohibit all felons from owning firearms. There are circumstances by which a felony can be expunged and civil rights may be restored, however these cases are very rare.

What principle led to the decision in the 2010 U.S. Supreme Court decision in McDonald v. City of Chicago?

In a 5-4 ruling the Supreme Court decided that the 2008 ruling in District of Columbia v. Heller would apply to state and local governments across the country.

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