Think you’re the ultimate Sherlock Holmes fan? Take our quiz on the life and legends of the great detective himself to find out!
Holmes and Watson reside at 221B Baker Street in London. You can find the Sherlock Holmes Museum at this spot today.
Dr. John Watson has his own successful medical practice, but he doesn't let that stop him from fighting crime with Holmes.
Mrs. Hudson lives on the first floor of 221 Baker St and serves as landlord to Holmes and Watson.
While Watson narrates most Holmes tales, a few are narrated by others. Two are narrated by Holmes himself.
The famous detective stars in 56 short stories and four full-length novels.
Arthur Conan Doyle penned his first Holmes novel, "A Study in Scarlet," in 1886.
"The Five Orange Pips" is a short starring Holmes as he investigates the KKK.
Mycroft is seven years older than Holmes, and just as clever, but is too lazy and out of shape to keep up with his brother's exploits.
Despite the large part he plays in Sherlock Holmes lore, criminal mastermind Moriarty appeared directly in only two Holmes stories.
Holmes enlists a group of street urchins known as the Baker Street Irregulars to transport messages and spy on clients and suspects.
Doyle wrote "A Study in Scarlet" in just three weeks in 1886 and published the book the next year.
Like Arthur Conan Doyle himself, Sherlock Holmes was an avid boxer.
The word rache — German for "revenge" — is written above the body of Enoch Drebber.
The speckled band in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band," is actually a poisonous snake used as a murder weapon.
Holmes injects cocaine to relax in "A Study in Scarlet." The drug was legal in England at the time the book was written.
Pipe-aficionado Sherlock Holmes keeps his tobacco in a Persian slipper — a type of sock.
Readers meet Mary Morstan — who later marries Dr. Watson — in "The Sign of the Four."
The mighty hound in the novel has been painted with phosphorous so it appears to glow.
Stapleton — long-lost son of Rodger Baskerville — is willing to commit murder to get his hands on the Baskerville fortune.
While Holmes never uses this phrase in the books, this phrase is used in a 1929 film, which may be the source of its popularity.
In this full-length novel, Douglas of Birlstone is killed with a sawed-off shotgun.
Silver Blaze is a horse who stars in "The Adventure of Silver Blaze."
Holmes appears to die in "The Final Problem" when facing off with Moriarty at Reichenbach Falls.
Bowing in to tremendous pressure from fans, Doyle brings Holmes back in "The Empty House."
During his "Great Hiatus," Holmes spent two years in Tibet and another year traveling and working in Europe before returning to London.
At age 49, Holmes retires to Sussex Downs and takes up beekeeping.
A 30-second movie — made in 1900 — called "Sherlock Holmes Baffled" marks the first on-screen appearance of the detective.
The four in this Holmes title refers to a group of convicts who plot to recover a hidden treasure.
Gillette not only starred as Holmes more than 1,000 times on stage, but he also acted in a 1916 silent movie about the great detective.
Cumberbatch plays Holmes, while Martin Freeman stars as Watson in the BBC series "Sherlock."