From the Falkland Islands to Colombia: The South American Geography Quiz

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Which hemisphere does NOT contain any part of the continent of South America?

The South American continent occupies the Northern, Southern and Western hemispheres. However, no part of South America is located in the Eastern Hemisphere.

What is the population of the South American continent?

South America has a population of 406.74 million people, making it the fifth largest continent in the world.

Which city is the capital of Peru?

Lima is the capital of Peru. Lima is the country's largest city, with a population of more than 7.6 million people.

True or false: South America consists of 10 independent countries.

Twelve sovereign countries and the three territories of French Guiana, the Galapagos Islands and the Falkland Islands compose South America.

Which South American country is home to the world's tallest waterfall?

Venezuela is the South American country with the world's tallest uninterrupted waterfall. Angel Falls is 3,211 feet (979 meters) tall and is located in the Canaima National Park of the Venezuelan state of Bolivar.

Which South American river is the largest river by volume on Earth?

The Amazon River of South America is the largest river by volume on Earth. The Amazon churns out approximately 244 million cubic feet (6.9 million cubic meters) of fresh water annually.

What is the most populous city in South America?

Sao Paulo, Brazil, with a population of 18.5 million, is the largest city in South America.

Portuguese is the official language of which South American country?

Portuguese is the official language of Brazil because of Portuguese colonization in the past.

Which body of water does NOT share a coastline with South America?

The Indian Ocean does not share a coastline with South America. South America is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

Which geographical feature connects North and South America?

The Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North and South America.

True or false: The countries of Central America are considered part of South America.

The seven countries of Central America are considered part of North America. The dense jungle known as the Darien Gap forms the border between Panama and Colombia and is widely considered the boundary between the two continents.

Which South American country has a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea?

Colombia borders the Caribbean Sea between Panama and Venezuela and borders the Pacific Ocean between Panama and Ecuador.

What is the largest desert in South America?

The Patagonian Desert, located in Argentina and parts of Chile, is the largest desert in South America and spans an area of 200,000 square miles (518,000 square kilometers).

What is the total area of the South American continent?

The total area of South America is roughly 6.8 million square miles (17.8 million square kilometers).

What is the tallest peak on the continent of South America?

At 22,831 feet (6,959 meters) above sea level, Mount Aconcagua is the tallest peak on the South American continent, as well as the highest point in the Western Hemisphere.

True or false: The Andes range of South America is the longest mountain range in the world.

The Andes Mountains of South America stretch more than 5,590 miles (9,000 kilometers) down the western coast of South America, making them the longest mountain range on Earth.

What is the length of the coastline of South America?

The coastline of the continent of South America is approximately 15,800 miles long.

The equator crosses Brazil, Colombia and which other South American country?

Quito is the capital of Ecuador.

How many feet below sea level is the Valdes Peninsula in Argentina?

The lowest point of the South American continent, found on the Valdes Peninsula in Argentina, is 131 feet (40 meters) below sea level.

Excluding the three territories of South America, what is the continent's smallest country by area?

Suriname, with an area of 63,038 square miles (163,270 square kilometers), is the smallest country on the continent of South America. Suriname is also the smallest South American country by population, with just 500,000 people.

The Galapagos Islands are a territory of which South American country?

The Galapagos Islands were annexed by Ecuador in 1831 and became the country's first national park in 1959. Today, travel to the islands made famous by the naturalist Charles Darwin is strictly regulated by the government of Ecuador.

Which South American city is the highest administrative capital city in the world?

La Paz, Bolivia, is situated between 10,650 and 13,250 feet (3,250 and 4,100 meters) above sea level and is the world's highest acting capital city. While there are a number of governmental departments in La Paz, Bolivia's official capital is Sucre.

Which South American country is the world's largest producer of emeralds?

Colombia produces roughly 60 percent of the world's emerald supply.

The Falkland Islands of South America are a territory of which country?

The British first claimed the uninhabited islands in 1594.

Which body of water separates the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago?

The Strait of Magellan is about 350 miles (560 kilometers) long.

Which South American country contains the wetlands known as the Pantanal?

Brazil contains the bulk of the Pantanal. The wetlands cover an area nearly 10 times the size of the Florida Everglades.

What is the largest lake on the continent of South America?

Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela is the largest lake by surface area on the South American continent. Lake Maracaibo covers an area of about 5,130 square miles (13,280 square kilometers).

How many South American countries contain parts of the Amazon rain forest?

While nearly half of the Amazon rain forest's 1.4 billion acres are located in Brazil, parts of the rainforest are also found in seven other South American countries.

Lake Titicaca is the highest commercially navigable lake in the world.

Lake Titicaca is situated at 12,500 feet (3,810 meters) above sea level and is considered the highest commercially navigable lake in the world.

What is the largest country on the South American continent?

Brazil covers an area of more than 3.2 million square miles (8.5 million square kilometers).

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