The Spanish Civil War Quiz

HISTORY

Staff

4 Min Quiz

The Spanish Civil War pitted the Republicans against which group?

A military revolt started the war, which quickly escalated.

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Which side was assisted by Nazi Germany?

The Nationalists had a fascist streak that endeared them to the Nazis.

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In what year did the Spanish Civil War begin?

And it dragged on until 1939.

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Which side was made up of mostly Roman Catholics?

They were dead-set against social reforms and many had prominent roles in society.

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About how many foreign volunteers fought with the Republicans?

It included men from all over the world who had Communist leanings.

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How did the United Kingdom react to the outbreak of the war?

The U.K.'s official policy was just to try and stay out of the messy affair.

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Which side mounted a vicious repression of anyone who didn't agree with their ideology?

Both sides dehumanized political opponents and savagely tortured and killed them.

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How did Franco take control of the Nationalists?

Two months into the conflict, he was elected and then never relinquished his leadership.

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Which country was the first to publicly announce its support for the Republicans?

Mexico refused to commit to non-intervention agreements and very much wanted the Republicans to win.

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The Republican side was mostly made up of what?

The war essentially pitted workers against the privileged, but there were plenty of other political nuances at work, too.

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During the war, nearly 7,000 Catholic clergy were killed in violence nicknamed what?

The leftists killed tens of thousands of people, including many religious leaders; the church had sided against leftist reforms.

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In total, about how many people died during the war?

Another half a million people fled the country in a desperate bid to survive.

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In the early stages of the war, what caused most deaths?

Politically-motivated executions (without trial) killed untold thousands of people.

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Which country did NOT support the Nationalists during the war?

The Communists did side with the Republicans, though.

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Historians often note the war for which extraordinary characteristic?

Ordinary humans treated each other like animals, leading to mind-numbing brutality.

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How did the Republicans convince the USSR to help them fight the Nationalists?

Spain sent off most of its gold reserve to Moscow in exchange for military help.

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At the beginning of the military coup, which major city did the Nationalist rebels capture?

The city provided Franco a way to move his troops in from northern Africa.

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After the war, what sort of government was Spain left with?

Franco seized control of the country and didn't let go.

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How many nations promised not to intervene in the war?

Only Mexico and the USSR publicly supported the Republican side; Germany and Italy were prominent supports of the Nationalists.

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After the war ended, for how long did Francisco Franco rule Spain?

He ruled with force, killing hundreds of thousands of Spanish citizens.

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Why did both sides seek out foreign military aid?

They realized early on that they needed more military might to fight for victory.

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As the war settled in, the Nationalists basically adopted a policy based on what?

They employed horrific violence as a means to their ends.

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About how many French men fought in the International Brigades?

But France didn't support the Republicans, publicly out of fear that it might spark a revolt on French soil.

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During the war, a town named Guernica became famous for what?

In a time when air power was relatively new, the bombing was considered an outrage; it inspired one of Pablo Picasso's most famous paintings.

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How many people died in the bombing of Guernica?

High estimates were at more than 1,600, and lows were at just more than 100; either way, it allowed the Nationalists to take over the town.

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How long did Nationalist forces lay siege to Madrid?

Franco attacked the city multiple times and, to his frustration, failed.

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Why did Italy's Mussolini decide to join the Nationalists in the war?

Hitler convinced him that it was a good idea; about 50,000 Italians fought at one point or another.

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After the war, about how many people died as Franco exacted revenge against his political opponents?

At minimum, 30,000 people were executed, but the number may have reached six figures.

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What opportunity did Hitler see by sending forces to the war?

He was consciously practicing for the next big event … World War II.

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How did Franco reward Hitler's help when World War II began?

Spain, battered by its internal conflict, never officially joined the Germans in their fight.

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Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

As a revolution gripped the country, Spanish citizens took up arms against one another and mercilessly slaughtered their neighbors. How much do you know about the Spanish Civil War?

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