These criminals were hunted for years and finally driven out of the Wild West they so loved. How much do you know about Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid?
They were criminals at heart, perfectly suited to robbing law-abiding people of the Old West. Their favorite targets were banks and trains.
In Utah in 1866, Cassidy was born Robert Leroy Parker. He lived a short and crime-filled life.
Cassidy was raised in a Mormon family that featured 13 children. He left his home when he was in his early teen years.
Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, better known as Sundance Kid, was born in Pennsylvania in 1867. He was the baby of the family and had four older siblings.
When he was about 20 years old, he stole a horse and saddle from a ranch near Sundance, Colorado. He did 18 months in prison for the act and also got a nickname out of the deal.
He shoplifted clothing (and some pie) and left an IOU indicating that he'd repay the debt, but the store owner pressed charges. Cassidy was acquitted at trial.
He worked for a butcher and his first nickname was probably "Butcher," which was then shortened to Butch.
He and his cohorts stole about $21,000, which would be worth well over half a million dollars today.
Cassidy's first big hit was in Telluride, Colorado. He was aided by three other cowboys during the 1889 heist.
The Wild Bunch was a group of men known for carefully planning their heists and their escapes. The attention to detail made them successful … and notorious.
The gentle Hollywood depictions of the gang as non-violent offenders is false. During their crimes they killed at least five lawmen, which contributed to the widespread manhunts and large rewards for their capture.
He had to serve 18 months for stealing a $5 horse. Some say Cassidy's initial experiences with the justice system soured his view of law enforcement in general.
The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was hired to track down numerous Western outlaws. The agency became a feared force in the West.
He was arrested just once -- the horse-stealing episode that earned him his nickname.
Cassidy was the kind of guy who helped out his neighbors when they needed assistance, and he did so with a smile. As a criminal, he wasn't particularly fond of guns.
To confuse their pursuers and maximize their chances of escape, they scattered … and then met up again later at a hideout.
Sundance garnered a reputation as the fastest gunslinger -- but as far as the historical records go, he apparently never killed any other Americans.
Bassett was Cassidy's longtime girlfriend, and she probably carried on with Sundance (with both men's' knowledge), but perhaps using a different name … Etta Place.
Union Pacific essentially gave up on stopping the robbers and offered Cassidy a job. He turned them down.
The Robbers Roost gained notoriety as the place where the gang planned their heists and then hid from authorities.
The hot, remote location was surrounded by rough terrain that made for miserable living conditions. But it made a perfect hideout for lawless criminals.
Tired of the pressures of law enforcement, he fled the country with Etta Place and bought a ranch in Argentina. After only a couple of years, they sold the ranch out of fears that the law had caught up to them.
The roughly $50,000 in gold that the men stole was meant to pay soldiers who were fighting in the Spanish-American War.
Paul Newman played the role of Butch, and Robert Redford was the Sundance Kid.
The men made an arduous journey to Bolivia, and even there, they couldn't escape the long arm of the law.
Leaving U.S. soil didn't stop them from being criminals. They kept right on thieving once they traveled abroad.
Sundance wasn't much of a killer -- he didn’t shoot anyone in the U.S. at all. He probably did hurt people during his last stand, though.
Legend has it that they died at a shootout in Bolivia, but there's absolutely no hard evidence to back that story. Researchers dug up and examined the supposed bodies at one point and determined that the remains definitely were not of the American outlaws.
There's no record of what happened to Etta Place. She was probably using an assumed name, making it all the more difficult to determine who she was and how she died.
They were partners in crime, but there's no real evidence that they were best friends. Regardless, their names will be inextricably intertwined for the rest of history.