In June of 1943, the Germans celebrated what accomplishment?
In June of 1943, the Nazis were giddy. They'd finally cleansed Berlin of the last of its Jewish population. Elsewhere in Europe, they continued deporting and murdering Jews not by the thousands, but by the millions.
Emperor Hirohito was the symbolic leader of the Japanese empire. He was also the brainchild of Japan's imperialistic expansion.
Hirohito wasn't exactly Japan's version of Hitler. He accepted Japanese imperialism, but it was the country's nationalistic generals that truly started the bloody campaign throughout the Pacific.
What did it mean when the Nazis "liquidated" some European towns?
The Nazis became infamous for "liquidating" entire towns and even large (usually Jewish) sections of cities. It meant that they murdered everyone. Welcome to fascism, Third-Reich style.
In 1943, Americans had no idea that the Nazis were murdering civilians all across Europe.
In 1943, long before the days of satellite communications and the Internet, even isolated Americans knew that the Nazis were murdering men, women and children. Hitler was clearly the embodiment of human evil.
The Nazi group SS-Totenkopfverbände gained infamy during the war. What does that word essentially mean in English?
The SS-Totenkopfverbände basically means "Death's Head" in English. These units were in charge of watching over the concentration camps that murdered countless people.
The Battle of Kursk was an epic clash between the Soviets and Nazis. It is primarily remembered for its use of which weapons?
The Battle of Kursk was a titanic battle of tanks, and it's still the biggest tank battle in human history. Thousands and thousands of tanks clawed their way towards one another.
Millions of men and around 10,000 tanks faced off in the Battle of Kursk. Who won?
The Germans were on the offensive at Kursk, but they couldn't maintain their momentum. The Soviets used British intelligence to throw back the Germans -- and then they began their own attacks in hopes of retaking their home territory.
As the war dragged on, the Allies continued work on the Manhattan Project, an effort to build an atomic bomb. Most of the work happened where?
The Manhattan Project was given high priority starting in 1942. Much of the top-secret work occurred at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. This remote lab became home to work that was quite literally groundbreaking.
The German "SS" became one of the war's most notorious units. What did "SS" stand for, anyway?
The SS was the Protection Service. Before the war, it contained only a few hundred men. Nazi leader and sadistic monster Heinrich Himmler grew the SS into a powerful paramilitary unit with a million soldiers willing to do Hitler's bidding.
What was the Doolittle Raid?
The Doolittle Raid happened in April 1942. It was the very first Allied attack on the Japanese homeland. It involved 16 American bombers that flew towards Tokyo in hopes of striking a blow for the men and women who died at Pearl Harbor.
The Doolittle Raid caused massive damage to Tokyo.
The raid involved only 16 bombers, but they successfully penetrated Japanese air defenses, and most of the crews eventually made it home. It was a substantial boost to American morale.
Which future U.S. President fought in the South Pacific in 1943?
John F. Kennedy served in the South Pacific in 1943. He was involved in a highly-publicized incident in which his boat was rammed by a Japanese ship, resulting in the deaths of several of JFK's men.
In the fall of 1943, the U.S. Navy approached Wake Island, which was controlled by the Japanese. What did the defenders do?
The Japanese killed about 100 American civilians who were being forced to perform hard labor. The atrocity was just one of many war crimes committed in the Pacific War.
What was "Zyklon B"?
The Germans developed this cyanide-based pesticide in the 1920s. During the war, they used it to exterminate people at concentration camps, particularly the infamous Auschwitz camp.
World War II eventually involved nearly every country on the entire planet.
World War II was the most far-reaching conflict in human history. By the time it ended, it involved almost every nation on Earth.
Reinhard Heydrich was known as "the man with the iron heart," who orchestrated the mass killings of many Jews. How did he die?
The Allies tried time and again to assassinate top Nazi leaders, but their plans always failed. In a rare exception, Czech operatives managed to bomb Heydrich's car in 1942, and he later died from his wounds.
The Nazis thought of Jews as subhumans. They forced Jews to wear which symbol?
The Nazis ordered millions of Jews to wear little yellow stars. The stars helped the Germans quickly identify and sort the Jews from other ethnic groups.
In late 1943, what did Emperor Hirohito have to say about the war in the Pacific?
In 1943, the Americans were slowly but surely retaking islands in the South Pacific. Hirohito told his men that the situation was becoming ominous for the Japanese. Yet the war was far, far from over.
No one will never know how many people perished during World War II. But historians think that how many people may have died during the conflict?
Soldiers and civilians alike died in numbers that no one can really begin to fathom. As many as 60 million people may have perished during the war.
In early 1943, hundreds of prisoners staged an uprising at the Treblinka concentration camp. How long did the revolt last?
Hundreds of prisoners seized weapons and began fighting their Nazi guards. It took the Nazis about half an hour to quell the revolt, but hundreds of Jews escaped, and a few dozen made it to safety.
At first, the Nazis buried the bodies of concentration camp victims. Then they switched to which disposal technique?
The Nazis were killing so many people that mass graves began contaminating groundwater. They opted to cremate the bodies in huge, hot ovens, all the better to dispose of the remains and hide their crimes against humanity.
Hitler's 6th Army famously surrendered after which battle?
The Battle of Stalingrad started in late 1942, and Hitler swore he'd fight to the last man. In early 1943, the 6th Army finally surrendered, marking a huge defeat for the Nazis on the Eastern Front.
In the Soviet Union, World War II was known by which name?
The Nazis were invading the Soviet homeland and threatening their families -- it was called The Great Patriotic War. Soviets died by the millions trying to stop the Nazi advance.
Josef Mengele was a Nazi who became famous for what?
Josef Mengele was a demented Nazi doctor who conducted horrific experiments on the prisoners jammed into concentration camps. "The Angel of Death" inflicted inhuman agony on innocent men, women and children.
Roza Shanina was a Soviet woman who became famous for what?
Many Soviet women participated in combat. Roza Shanina was a famed sniper who killed dozens of Nazis before being killed herself. She was only 20 years old when she died.
Who conducted Operation Harvest Festival?
Operation Harvest Festival, also known as Aktion Erntefest, was a Nazi operation in November 1943. The operation murdered more than 40,000 Jews. It was just one of many efforts by the Nazis to "cleanse" Europe of Jewish groups.
What was the purpose of the War Refugee Board?
Created in late 1943 by President Roosevelt, the War Refugee Board was a direct American effort to rescue and resettle Jews who were being persecuted by the Nazis. For many Jews, it was far too late.
Many non-Jews across Europe tried to save Jews from Hitler's grasp.
Most non-Jews looked the other way as the Nazi death camps swallowed up millions of Jews, along with many other people that the Third Reich considered undesirable.
John Basilone was an American Marine who won the Medal of Honor. Where did he earn his medal?
Basilone manned a machine gun in the face of relentless Japanese charges during the Battle of Guadalcanal. He earned the Medal of Honor, was shipped home to sell war bonds and then requested reassignment to the South Pacific … where he died in combat.
The Allies struggled to find weaknesses in the Nazi fortresses of Europe. Where did Allied forces first land?
In September of 1943, the Allies finally tried to find a foothold in Europe by attacking in Sicily. The battle for Europe was on, but the Nazis were still firmly in control. Now try Part IV of our Epic WWII Quiz!
In the first two parts of our Epic World War II quiz, you tackled the Axis as it spread its evil claws throughout the world. Now try Part III of our series. Will the Allies finally strike back, or will the Germans and Japanese continue their unrelenting slaughter?
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