Massive recalls, ranging from benign to deadly, have haunted the auto industry for decades. How much do you know about how to handle recalls and how the process works?
Porsche has had the lowest recall rate since 1985, with 531 recalls per 1,000 vehicles sold. In comparison, the Volkswagen Group, with 1,805 recalls per 1,000 vehicles sold, has had the highest recall rate.
Volvo has had the fewest, with 71 percent of their recalls having the potential for crashes, fires, injuries or death.
The Toyota Camry is a popular choice in the U.S.
The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act was signed in 1966.
Automotive recalls started in 1970 after the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was founded.
About 1 out of every 4 drivers in the U.S. are driving nearly 64 million vehicles with potentially dangerous unaddressed recalls.
The largest automotive recall in U.S. history involved 42 million vehicles.
All three of these are possible ways to initiate an automotive recall.
In 1965, U.S. consumer protection advocate Ralph Nader published "Unsafe at Any Speed."
VW recalled 3.7 million vehicles made between 1949 and 1969 because of loose windshield wipers.
The flaw in the Pinto's fuel tank led to multiple injuries and deaths. Ford recalled 1.5 million Pintos and Bobcats in 1978 and stopped their production in 1980.
More than 30 people were killed when the gas pedal on some Toyotas and Lexus became stuck at full-throttle. It took two recalls to address the problem.
Scion recalled its 2012 FR-S because of inaccuracies about the airbag system that could be confusing in the owner's manual.
None of these are considered by the NHTSA to be safety-related defects.
The NHTSA issues a recall when a vehicle -- or its equipment (such as its tires) -- doesn't comply with the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard.
In 1980, Ford recalled 21 million cars and trucks because of an issue that could cause some automatic transmissions to slip out of park.
As many as 23 million Fords owners were mailed a 5-1/2-inch-by-1-1/4-inch silver warning label to stick to the dashboard.
Automakers have three options: They can choose to repair the issue at no cost; replace the vehicle with an identical or similar one; or, refund the full purchase price (minus depreciation). While some may try, it's illegal to ignore correcting a safety-related defect.
In 1999, Ford recalled almost 15 million vehicles because faulty cruise-control switches could catch fire.
The Ford Pinto was nicknamed "the barbecue that seats four" after fuel tank explosions during rear collisions.
GM recalled 2.6 million Chevrolet Cobalts, and look-alike Pontiac G5s, because of an ignition switch problem causing the engine to shut off while driving.
GM is at the top of the list, with the most recalls on more of its models than any other automaker between 2004 and 2014.
Independent reports all confirmed, there was no acceleration defect in the Audi 5000. The German-styled (narrow) gas and brake pedals were confusing U.S. drivers, who were putting the pedal to the metal instead of braking.
After an NHTSA investigation, seat belts manufactured by auto parts maker Takata Corp. were recalled for defective plastic release buttons. While most of the seat belts were installed in Hondas and Nissans, Takata seat belts impacted 11 automakers.
After nearly 175 deaths in addition to more than 700 injuries, Firestone and Ford recalled 3.8 million P235/75R15 ATX and ATXII tires, and 2.7 million Wilderness AT tires because of tread separation. As many as 81 percent of complaints involved Firestone's 15-inch P235/75R15.
Although the Bronco, Ranger and F-150 also were affected by the tread separation that caused the recall, most of the Firestone tires involved were on the Ford Explorer.
While these are all auto-related slogans, Bridgestone/Firestone's campaign to restore consumer confidence was called "Making It Right."
The first-generation Chevy Corvair, manufactured between 1960 and 1963, was prone to handling issues that could cause the driver to lose control of the vehicle.
Software-related recalls increased from fewer than 5 percent to about 15 percent, between 2011 and 2015.
According to NHTSA data, the Kia Sedona is not in the top 10 vehicles most potentially affected by recalls between 1990 and 2014.
Toyota recalled 870,000 vehicles, including 2012 and 2013 Avalons, Camrys and Venzas, because of spiders. And Mazda recalled 42,000 Mazda 6s built between 2010 and 2012. The Volkswagen Jetta was not recalled for a spider problem.
Faulty airbag inflators made by Takata are responsible for 11 deaths and more than 180 injuries.
As many as 65 to 70 million faulty Takata airbags affected 19 different automakers on car model years between 2002 and 2015.
Takata began seeing issues after a switch to an ammonium nitrate-based propellant in its airbags.
Consumers can file complaints to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which is part of the U.S. Department of Transportation, through NHTSA's at safercar.gov website.