We’ll Be Impressed If You Can Name Even 11 of These Weather Phenomena From an Image!

SCIENCE

By: Beth Hendricks

7 Min Quiz

Ouch! Get hit by this and you might feel a sting. What is it?

Hail, more formally known as hailstones, are different sized balls of ice that can be painful to the skin or destructive to vehicles and other objects. Hail is formed by water droplets freezing at or near the top of clouds in thunderstorms.

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It may look like this type of lightning, but scientists say it's a misnomer. Which type are we talking about?

You probably heard about heat lightning as a kid, but we're sad to say, those stories are false. Scientists say there's no such thing; the "heat lightning" you're seeing is actually a far-off thunderstorm where you simply cannot hear the accompanying thunder.

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In the U.S. we call them by names, but meteorologists know them as which of these terms?

We throw the word "hurricane" around, but there's little difference between a hurricane and a cyclone. Both are spinning storms with low-pressure areas and spiraling winds. The different terms are often indicative of the area where the storm occurs.

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This weather condition can make it challenging to see when you're driving. What do we know it as?

It may more closely resemble wispy clouds, but fog is actually a collection of teeny-tiny water droplets that hang in sheets near the ground. That's where the difficulty driving comes into play.

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Kids love these, especially when school's in session. What is this weather phenomenon called?

We usually equate a blizzard with a ton of snow, which it definitely includes. But meteorologists know that real blizzards consist not only of snow but also sustained winds at least 35 miles per hour.

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Need ... water ... now ... Which of these weather conditions is characterized by a lack of rain?

An area is having a drought when it experiences prolonged periods without rainfall, resulting in particularly dry conditions. Though this can occur in just about any climate, we often associate droughts with places that are usually arid, such as deserts.

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A giant one of these hit Japan in March 2011, causing the death of roughly 30,000 people. What is this weather condition known as?

Tsunamis are particularly devastating, caused by waves triggered due to volcanic eruptions. The tsunami that hit Japan in 2011 was the result of a magnitude 9.0 earthquake underwater near the island of Honshu.

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Despite its name, this weather phenomenon doesn't actually contain any water. What is its name?

You'd think a waterspout would be full of water, but that's simply not the case. A waterspout comes from a cumulus cloud to hover over a body of water, like the ocean. Waterspouts are actually spinning wind peppered with clouds.

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When sunlight hits drops of water, we get this colorful addition to the sky. What is it called?

You've got to love rainbows! (Anyone remember the Double Rainbow Guy from a few years ago? He was super jazzed.) Rainbows have seven distinct colors, from red to violet. Need to remember them? Think Roy G. Biv (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet).

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From a word that means "straight," this weather phenomenon produces straight-line winds accompanied by powerful storms. What is it known by?

A "derecho" is a colossal wind storm, as in winds as strong as those produced by tornados or hurricanes, accompanied by fast-moving storms or rain showers. Derechos can be particularly destructive with the straight-line winds they produce.

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You've heard of "Sharknado," but what about a "firenado?" What other term does this weather phenomenon go by?

A fire whirl, also called a firenado or even a fire devil, is a swirling, tornado-like mesh of ash and fire. This type of phenomenon occurs when wind conditions mix with heat from a fire to create a vortex.

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It's not the ocean, but its appearance might remind you of one. What is this cloud cluster called?

A wave cloud looks exactly like you might think — just like the waves of the ocean! Wave clouds form when they pass over mountains, for example, pushing air between segments of the cloud.

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This weather pattern produces unseasonably warm water in the Pacific Ocean, impacting conditions throughout the world. What is it known as?

El Niño may start in the Pacific Ocean as unseasonably warm water, but its changes can impact weather worldwide, causing droughts in some areas and increased rain and snow in others. A one-time science correspondent has called it the "master weather-maker."

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Beyoncé has a song by this name, but we doubt she was singing about a ring of light around the sun. What is this weather phenomenon?

"I can feel your halo (halo) halo ... " Whoops, sorry. We got carried away with the Beyhive for a second. A sun "halo" looks like a, well, halo around the sun. It is caused by thin clouds comprising water droplets that reflect and refract light to produce a halo-like effect.

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There don't have to be storm clouds for it to rain. Which of these indicates a weather phenomenon where it rains when the sun is out?

Sunshowers bring May flowers? Well, that's not exactly how it goes. But, if you think it can't rain just because the sun is out, think again. A sunshower is exactly what it sounds like — a burst of rain when it's sunny out.

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You may think of it as an optical illusion, but this phenomenon is actually brought on by certain weather conditions. What is it called?

It's been referred to as an optical illusion, but a mirage actually has weather to thank (or blame) for appearing. It occurs when the ground is hot and actually warms the cooler air just above it. Cool, indeed!

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It makes a great photo, but this sight can be attributed to light being reflected off the atmosphere. What is it known as?

Pink sky at night? Thank the "Belt of Venus," associated with that Venus, the Roman goddess. This phenomenon occurs around sunrise and sunset, producing that bands of pink and blue you can observe on the horizon. Dust particles in the air help contribute to this display.

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People travel from all over the world to experience this phenomenon in person. What is its name?

Aurora Borealis, or the "Northern Lights," as it's sometimes called, is a magnificent display of color observed high in the Earth's atmosphere. This phenomenon is caused by electrons in the atmosphere moving in and out of high and low states of energy.

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This nighttime phenomenon occurs when molecules in the air scatter light. What do we know it as?

Don't worry — a blood moon doesn't really have anything to do with blood. Instead, it refers to the reddish hue the moon takes on when light in the atmosphere is scattered in a specific way.

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Which of these weather conditions earned its name for its striking similarity to an item of clothing?

You'll probably never encounter "penitentes," since they are mostly located in high elevations like the Andes Mountains. But these snow formations earned their name for their similarity to hats worn during a religious ceremony known as a penance procession.

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Combine moisture, lift, wind shear and instability, and you get which of these weather conditions?

When you have instability, moisture and lift, you get what we know commonly as a thunderstorm. However, add in wind shear, and you get something else entirely — a phenomenon known as a supercell.

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What if tumbleweeds were made of snow? What name is this weather condition known by?

Do they come in glazed? Snow doughnuts are a pretty awesome name for a weather condition where snow balls itself together as it rolls across a snowy surface. You may also hear them called "snow bales" or "snow rollers," but c'mon, "snow doughnuts" is the clear winner.

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This shifty condition maintains one form as it falls and takes another when it hits a surface. What is it called?

Freezing rain is the stuff of scary driving conditions! It comes down as rain, but freezes immediately upon contact with a surface, like roadways or power lines. Be extra careful if you're driving during this type of precipitation.

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Did you know that the weather can impact particles on the ground? This condition occurs when the wind gathers those particles and moves them. What is it called?

Wind can do some pretty amazing things, including gathering particles like sand and soil and transporting them over wide areas. These dust storms aren't typically dangerous unless you breathe too much of it in!

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Low-lying areas are especially prone to these, after a period of heavy rain. What is this weather phenom called?

Flash floods can be frightening to people who find themselves in low-elevation areas. They are caused by a heavy burst of rain, usually in a short period of time, bringing on sudden and dangerous flash floods.

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You can associate this weather condition with both rain and snow. What is it known as?

It could be a rain squall or a snow squall, but one thing's for certain: It's going to be quick and it's going to be intense. Squalls deliver loads of rain or snow in a short period of time.

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Second summer in fall? Yes, please! What is this weather incident called?

We'll sign up for a second summer, known as an Indian summer, that occurs once fall is well underway. Indian summers are typically not only periods of warm weather, but dry weather as well.

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Unlike her brother, this weather front is known for cooling the water in the Pacific Ocean. What is her name?

You've heard of El Niño, but do you know his "sister," La Niña? La Niña is the opposite of El Niño in that it causes a cooling of the water in the Pacific, creating both rainy and dry conditions in other parts of the world.

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Cleveland, Ohio, is all too familiar with this weather phenomenon. What is it called?

Lake effect snow occurs when cold air that moves over a body of water (cue the lake) picks up some of that body of water's moisture. Then, all of that moisture finds its way to the ground in the form of excessive snowfall accumulation.

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Clear sky precipitation? That's a thing?! What is it otherwise known as?

Diamond dust doesn't sound much like a weather phenomenon, but we think something that's also called "clear sky precipitation" definitely qualifies. Diamond dust is a cloud of floating ice crystals that can occur, yes, without a cloud in the sky.

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We hear a lot about this condition in politics, but what is the weather phenomenon of the same name known as?

A firestorm occurs when a fire in the atmosphere starts sucking in more air, creating its own voracious (and hot) wind system. This condition is aided by extra moisture in the air.

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When cold water hits warm ocean water, underwater icicles are formed in a phenomenon known as what?

Brinicles are like the icicles we see when water freezes aboveground. These, however, occur underwater when colder water hits warm ocean water. They may also resemble a stalactite you've seen hanging from the top of a cave.

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Widespread heavy rains aren't the only thing this weather pattern brings. Cue the wind, too! What is it called?

A monsoon is most notable for the rain it brings, but it's actually known for creating a shift in the direction of the wind. This creates more moisture in the air and, well, it's got to go somewhere!

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This weather episode prompted the infamous movie line, "Toto, I have a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore." What was it?

The Great Plains and the Midwest are well-known for being the site of numerous tornados, which is exactly what Dorothy Gale found herself riding out in "The Wizard of Oz." Hey, a fictional tornado is still a tornado, in our book.

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Snow, wind or changes in temperature can cause this natural event to occur. What is this weather phenomenon-related occurrence?

While not directly a weather phenomenon, an avalanche does have weather conditions to blame for it occurring. Shifts in the temperature, wind or extra snowfall can cause these massive snow slides.

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Lightning as large as a human head? This weather phenom produces it! What is its name?

They can be as small as the eraser on a pencil or as large as a human head! We're talking about ball lightning, which is precisely what it sounds like — lightning that presents in the shape of a sphere.

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Ice and reflection create an unusual phenomenon known as what?

Have you ever noticed what looked like a light pillar extending away from the sun? That's moisture in the atmosphere and the power of light reflecting off of it. Pretty awesome, right?

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You can see liquid transform to vapor right before your eyes in which of these weather conditions?

A virga occurs when a streak of precipitation extends from a cloud, but turns into a vapor and evaporates before it reaches the Earth's surface. These often look like streaky clouds in the sky reaching toward the ground.

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Better cover your plants! Which of these weather incidents creates a thin layer of ice on a surface area?

Frost is that thin layer of ice that you may see on your plants or even on your windshield when the air's temperature drops below water's freezing point. It is particularly common in the early fall when temperatures can vary.

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Gravity plays a part in this intense dust storm, also known by which of these names?

Alright, we know, it's a funny name. But, a "haboob" is a particularly extreme dust storm that relies on gravity to carry the storm onward. This type of weather incident is most likely to occur in places like the Sahara Desert.

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Image: Pexels by Pixabay

About This Quiz

You can't go far without hearing something about the weather. You may be on an elevator, turning on the evening news or eavesdropping on chatter around the water cooler on Monday, but it seems everyone is obsessed with the atmospheric topic. Will it rain? What about snow? Did you hear about that tornado? Yes, it seems we're all caught up in the highs and lows of thermometers, barometers and anemometers (whatever those are)!

Today's meteorologists have four or more years of schooling under the belts that help them understand how to read satellite and radar images. Weathermen you see on TV may or may not be meteorologists who deliver a forecast. But you (and others like you) may simply be weather enthusiasts — self-trained and educated to understand things like auroras, waterspouts and the belt of Venus! 

So, here's our forecast: You're going to wreck this quiz like a tornado! You're going to crush the "hail" out of it! You're going to have an avalanche of correct answers! (Tired of our weather puns yet?!) See how many of these weather phenomena you can name from a quick screenshot and a simple clue. Keep your eye on the skies and your finger on your mouse ... and click your way to a "high" of 11 or more!

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