Car engines need gasoline, just like you need food. It's science! But in this quiz, we’re going to take things to the extreme and test your knowledge about engine facts that you probably don’t know. Are you ready to be challenged yet? Good, you should be!
The internal combustion engine is one of the great marvels of the modern world. As with any remarkable innovation or invention, it has a history, and the facts really do boggle the mind. When you’re done with this quiz, you’re going to listen to the hum of that engine in that car of yours with a whole new kind of awe and respect.
And let’s be honest, truly knowing the facts about what lies under the hood is important. For instance, did you know that the principle behind any reciprocating internal combustion engine is to put a tiny amount of high-energy fuel in a small space and ignite it, thus releasing an incredible amount of energy in the form of expanding gas? The energy that is released from an engine is enough to propel a potato 500 feet. And, that potato might just hurt someone ... just saying.
Are you aware that the four-stroke combustion engine is also known as the _____ cycle? Named after Nikolaus _____, who invented it in 1867? You’re salivating now, aren’t you? Let’s get started on the quiz.
Because two-stroke engines are a simpler design, the oil must be mixed in with the fuel to lubricate the parts. The power-to-weight ratio in a two-stroke engine is often much higher. Two-stroke engines tend to be less efficient but lighter.
Outboard motors are for propelling boats through water. They use the water to cool them instead of air.
The firing order of an internal combustion engine gives the order each cylinder is sparked to ignite the fuel. It is created to reduce lost power through vibration and other engine shifting.
The steam engine operates on combustion, not electricity. All of the others use small electric motors to convert electricity into mechanical power.
Rocket engines are internal combustion engines that work by expelling a gas that is the result of high-pressure combustion of propellants. The propellants must contain a fuel and the oxidizer (or grain) for that fuel.
A jet engine is also known as a gas turbine engine. As gas is burned, it creates an air flow that spins turbines to create thrust.
Although highly efficient, two-stroke engines burn a lot of oil. In addition to paying for gas, you would need to purchase about a half-gallon of two-stroke oil for every tank of fuel. Two-stroke engines have been used to power small cars.
A diesel engine ignites the fluid inside the engine. Coal power plants, trains and submarines are all heating the air or water outside of the engine to drive the piston.
Afterburners are generally equipped on military aircraft to increase thrust during combat situations, takeoff and supersonic flight. They work by introducing additional fuel into the pipe after the turbines. Afterburners are only meant to be operated for short periods of time because they consume large amounts of fuel.
During the power phase in a four-stroke internal combustion engine, the piston moves downward after the gas in the chamber is ignited. The explosion creates the power that drives the piston through the rest of the cycle.
The main disadvantage that two-stroke engines have is that they burn the oil mixed in with their fuel, which increases pollution. They are simpler, lighter and more efficient than four-stroke engines.
Although all internal combustion engines contain combustion chambers, turbines are unique to the turbojet. Jet engines pass air or water in the opposite direction of the desired motion using Newton's third law of motion.
The center of the Wankel engine (or rotor) rotates around a stationary gear inside the housing. The rotor is continuously moving in the same direction and driving the stationary gear forward.
An engine is a machine that converts energy, such as heat energy, into mechanical motion. The concept of an engine was first proposed in the 17th century.
The gas engine in a hybrid car not only recharges the batteries but also improves acceleration and kicks in for higher speeds. The electric motor operates alone during lower speeds and slow acceleration.
External combustion engines use heat to power the piston, but the fire does not have direct contact with the piston. Steam engines are one example of this.
External combustion engines use a working fluid, such as steam, to move the piston. The heat source is outside of the engine.
The first successful rotary engine was designed in 1908. The design of the rotary engine aids in spinning propeller blades.
By definition, "engine" and "motor" both are used as machines that power other devices. However, "motor" is generally used when the power comes from electricity instead of combustion.
Although biomass is used to generate electricity, as of yet there are no biomass-electric hybrids in mass production. Turbines, petroleum and diesel are all used in currently produced hybrid engine systems.
All of the types except the Stirling are internal combustion engines. Diesel engines do not use spark plugs. Rocket engines are specialized jet engines. Radial engines are used to rotate the propellers in airplanes.
Although different oil delivery systems can cause variation between two-stroke engines, the main differences are based upon the gas inlet systems. Piston-controlled is the standard engine that uses the piston to control the intake.
Robert Fulton was fascinated with steam engines and used one to power the first successful submarine, called the Nautilus, in the late 18th century. He went on to develop steam-powered torpedoes for Britain.
Robert Stirling invented the Stirling engine in 1816. It was an external combustion engine that used air instead of steam to move its pistons. The Stirling engine was safer (although prone to higher failure rates) and more efficient than steam engines of that era.
The radial configuration is generally five pistons radiating out from a central point (the crankshaft). When viewed from the front, it resembles a star of sorts, and that is how it got its name.
Nozzles on rocket engines allow the hot gasses to escape but accelerate the speed of the exhaust. Half of a rocket's thrust comes from the pressure created by the nozzle.
Magnetic motors are used the most. Electrostatic motors operate based on electrical charge attraction and repulsion, and piezoelectric motors are based on the principals of electric charge that accumulate in certain materials and vibration frequencies. HAWT (Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine) is a wind turbine, not an electric motor.
The Stanley Motor Carriage Company produced steam vehicles in the early 20th century. It was founded by twins Francis E. Stanley and Freelan O. Stanley. Francis died in 1918 in an automobile accident while trying to avoid two farm wagons and the company was sold.
The Reuleaux triangle is based on an equilateral triangle with bulging sides that create a constant curve. The Wankel engine uses sides that are slightly flatter than an official Reuleaux triangle.
The Otto cycle is used to ideally describe a situation where the working gas remains a gas constantly such as in spark-ignition systems. The Rankine cycle is the ideal in situations where the working fluid changes between gas and liquid states.
A rotary engine rotates around a central fixed shaft. It is for this reason Wankel engines are also called rotary engines, even though this term traditionally was applied to engines that spin, or rotate, with an airplane propeller.
Cold gas thrusters operate like a balloon with the air being released. They provide low performance but can be useful for making minor adjustments to a space shuttle's course.
Although running the engine at a constant speed overcomes fuel consumption issues, under normal operating conditions it consumes more fuel than what should be ideal. Linked to its poor fuel economy is also poor emission quality.
After several boiler accidents on steamboats, laws were enacted that required an engineer to be present on all steamboats. The Naptha engine, although equally dangerous, was developed so the owners of personal watercraft could get around this law.
The Puffing Devil was invented by Richard Trevithick in 1801. The first one was left unattended and running by its operators, and it self-destructed. By 1803, Trevithick had improved his design, but the London Steam Carriage never became popular.