There's a lot of misinformation about Zika out there. Do you know what's true and what's false? We'll start you off: Is it true Americans are immune to the Zika virus? Yes, this is a real rumor. No, Americans are not.
In February 2016, the World Health Organization issued a global health emergency about Zika.
All of these are ways the virus is spread.
An infected mosquito does not cause Zika. That mosquito stores the virus and transmits it to you, which means it's a biological vector for the disease.
The Zika virus may cause severe birth defects.
The Zika virus has been tied to microcephaly, eye abnormalities and other neurological problems in newborns. It's not known to cause congenital heart defects such as ASD.
Infected <i>Aedes</i> mosquitoes (<i>A. aegypti </i>and <i>A. albopictus</i> species) spread the Zika virus.
This is true. <i>A. aegypti</i> and <i>A. albopictus </i>also spread the dengue and chikungunya viruses.
In 1938, scientists discovered <i>Aedes </i>mosquitoes are most attracted to black and least attracted to white.
These mosquitoes are active in the daytime, just like us, and are out for blood in the early morning and just before dusk.
About 20 percent of people infected will have symptoms. Eighty percent may not show any signs and may not know they've been infected.
Recife is in northeastern Brazil.
In February 2015, one year before the WHO issued a global health emergency, the first case of Zika infection was seen but not identified as such.
The first reported case of Zika in the U.S. was in Texas.
Symptoms of Zika infection in adults typically include mild fever, muscle and joint pain and rash.
Although in 2011 a British company did release mosquitoes genetically modified to reduce the spread of dengue fever, there is no known link between these mosquitoes and the Zika virus.
There was an outbreak of Zika infection in Australia in 2007.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends women with Zika symptoms or who have recently visited a Zika-affected area wait eight weeks before trying to conceive.
The CDC recommends men with Zika symptoms wait six months before trying to conceive.
There is no evidence of any associations between microcephaly and vaccines.
Guillain-Barre syndrome causes muscle weakness and tingling and may cause temporary or permanent paralysis.
GBS is fatal for one out of about 20 people.
It's true. Similarly, the U.S. Army has chemically treated combat uniforms this way since 2013.
The Zika virus is named for the Zika forest in Uganda, where it was discovered in monkeys in 1947.
The virus was first discovered at a Rockefeller Foundation-supported research institute in Uganda, but the foundation does not hold a patent on the virus.
The team relocated its pre-Olympic training camp to Atlanta, citing Zika concerns.
An estimated 20,000 people were infected with Zika in French Polynesia in 2013.
The standing water doesn't need to be any larger than a bottle cap.
British long jumper Greg Rutherford decided to freeze his sperm over fears of Zika infection while in Rio.
According to the CDC, OLE is effective against Zika. But, says the Environmental Working Group, because it shouldn't be used on kids under age 3, pregnant women should avoid it.
That's a conspiracy theory. The Zika virus is not known to be part of a large plan to make money selling vaccines.